2014.06.04【英译中】怕蛇

shuanghuasdo (熊猫JOY/酱油)
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发表于:2014-06-04 01:30 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Scared Of Snakes
怕蛇

Unless you’re a snake charmer, chances are when you unexpectedly come across a snake you freeze or quickly jump away. Why? It might be because our brains evolved to be particularly sensitive to spotting snakes.
当你猛然看见一条蛇的时候你很可能会定住不动或者飞快跳开,除非你是个耍蛇人。为什么?这可能是因为我们的大脑进化得对发现蛇特别敏感。

Around 100 million years ago, the early evolution of rodent-like mammals coincided with the evolution of the first constricting, slithery snakes. According to some biological anthropologists, because those ancient snakes preyed on mammals, evolution selected for sharp vision in the subset of rodents that went on to become primates.
大约1亿年前,类似啮齿目的哺乳动物的早期进化和最早的收缩而滑溜的蛇的进化处于同一时期。根据一些生物人类学家所说,由于早期的那些蛇捕食哺乳动物,进一步进化成灵长类的部分啮齿目动物在进化过程中保留了敏锐的视觉。

Those best able to see snakes and avoid them survived, passing on their genes including the ones responsible for keen eyesight.
那些能够迅速发现蛇并躲避它们的得以幸存,并将它们的基因传递下去,其中包括了负责敏锐视力的那些基因。

Now, fast forward forty million years to when both venomous snakes and early monkeys were making their debut on the evolutionary scene. Similarly, nature selected for individuals best able to outwit snakes, thanks to strong vision.
现在,快进4千万年,到毒蛇和早期的猴子初次在进化过程中登场的时候。同样的,大自然选择了那些最善于对抗蛇的个体,多亏了敏锐的视力。

And so, the theory goes, we’ve inherited our ancestors’ excellent eyesight and sensitivity to snakes.
因此,有理论认为我们继承了祖先们对蛇的敏锐视觉和敏感程度。

Now, there may be other reasons why lots of people jump when they encounter a snake. And keep in mind that the theory we’re talking about doesn’t explain why some people fear snakes. That’s a different matter.
如今,可能还有其他原因令很多人遇到蛇的时候跳起来。记住,我们谈到的理论并不能解释为什么有些人怕蛇。那是不同的问题。

But there is some evidence that our ancient ancestors’ proximity to snakes has shaped our brains. Neurological studies of captive Japanese macaque monkeys, who’d rarely if ever seen a snake, have shown that their brains respond more quickly and strongly to images of snakes than to other images.
但是有些证据表明我们祖先和蛇的距离形成了我们的大脑(中与蛇的距离)。对圈养的日本猕猴进行的神经学研究发现,它们的大脑对蛇的图片比对其他图片的反应更迅速并且更强烈。这些猕猴从来没有,或者说几乎没有看到过蛇。
最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:06
分类: 英语
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