2014.06.04【英译中】大学英语六级阅读练习题之二

wulianluck (Luckwu) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-06-04 22:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

http://www.hxen.com/CET46/CET6/yuedu/2013-12-04/251011.html

Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learningtotalk does not learn by being corrected all the time; if corrected too
much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the languages he uses and the language those around him use.

让孩子们学着自己判断他们自己的行为。孩子在学习说话的时候,不要总是纠正他们;如果纠正的太多,他会停止说话。他一天里会多次不断的注意他使用的语言和他周围用到的语言之间的不同。

Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people. In the same way, when children learn to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught-to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle-compare those performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes.

一点点的,他会做一些必要的改变,使得他的语言与周围其他人的一样。同样的,当孩子们学习去一些其他没有被叫过的事情,例如走路、跑、爬、吹口哨、骑单车等,他们会比较比他们有更多技能的人的行为,并且慢慢做些必须的改变而学会。

But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his own mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to.

但是在学校里我们从没有给孩子一个机会,让他们自己发现自己的错误,让他们独自纠正自己。我们替他们做了这些事情。我们就好像除非我们给他指出错误,否则他就从不注意错误,或者除非他们被要求去改正,否则他们不会改正错误。

Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.

很快孩子变得依赖老师。让他自己做。让他自己解决,如果他愿意可以找其他孩子帮忙。这怎么说呢,对于问题的答案是什么,说或者做或者不做是否是一种合适的方式。

If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer.

正确答案的关键是,数学或者科学,给他答案的书。让他自己纠正自己的论文(怎么翻译合适呢)。为何我们应该浪费时间去教这样的例行行为?我们应该当他告诉我们他不能找到方法得到正确的答案时候,再去帮助孩子。

Let’s end this nonsense of grades, exams, marks, Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.

让我们结束等级、考试、分数这些无稽之谈,让我们丢弃这些念头,让孩子们了解所有的受过教育的人总有一天必须学会怎样衡量他们自己的理解力,怎样知道他们应该知道或者不知道什么。

Let them get on with this job in the way that seems sensible to them. With our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea
that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours.

让他们用这种看起来更明智的方式继续他们的行为。 如果他们向我们寻求帮助,我们会像老鼠一样帮助他们。在学校有大量的知识学习并且运用到一个人的生活中,在我们复杂和快速变化的世界里这个理念是荒谬的。

Anxious parents and teachers say, “But suppose they fail to learn something essential they will need to get in the world?” Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it.

焦虑的父母和老师们说,但是假定他们未能学到精华的东西,他们到底需要得到什么?不用担忧!如果有必要,他们会探索这个领域,并且学习它。



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