2014.6.5 【英译中】078 20世纪美国的战争

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-05 14:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
Answer:
• World War I
• World War II
• Korean War
• Vietnam War
• (Persian) Gulf War
78. 20世纪美国的战争
第一次世界大战
第二次世界大战
朝鲜战争
越南战争
海湾战争(波斯湾战争)


Explanation:
  World War I, which was fought from 1914 to 1918, was called the War to End All Wars. People thought that it was such a big war that no other wars would need to be fought. Obviously (or clearly), this was wrong. 
  1914年到1918年的第一次世界大战被称为“结束所有战争的战争”。当时人们认为这场战争规模如此之大,以至于其它战争都不用打了。很显然,他们错了。
  In the 1900s, the United States fought in five wars. After World War I, the United States fought in World War II. The United States didn’t want to fight in that war, but when the Japanese bombed (or dropped weapons or things that would explode on) Pearl Harbor, the country decided that it was time to join the war against Japan, Germany, and Italy. 
  20世纪,美国共打了五场战争。继第一次世界大战之后,美国又参加了第二次世界大战。美国本来不想参与这次战争的,但当日本人在珍珠港投下炸弹时,他们决定是时候向日本、德国、意大利这些法西斯主义国家宣战了。
  The next war that the United States fought in during the 1900s was the Korean War between 1950 and 1953. North Korea and South Korea were fighting against each other, mostly because North Korea had a communist government and South Korea did not. Soon the United States and the Soviet Union became involved as an extension (or an additional part) of their Cold War, which was the period of time from the 1940s to the 1990s when the United States and the Soviet Union had many political problems with each other.
  接下来发生在20世纪的的一场战争是1950年到1953年的朝鲜战争。北朝鲜交战南韩,原因是北朝鲜是共产党执政但南韩不是。不久之后,美国和苏联都卷入了由这场战争衍生的冷战中,从20世纪40年代到90年代间,美国与苏联之间的政治问题频发。
  After the Korean War, the United States fought in the Vietnam War from 1959 to 1975. As in the Korean War, the United States was trying to prevent Vietnam from having a communist government, or not let the country have a communist government. The war was very unpopular in the United States, meaning that many people didn’t want the United States to fight this war. Many U.S. soldiers (or the people who fought in the war) died. In the end, the United States lost and Vietnam became a communist country.
  朝鲜战争之后,美国又参与了1959年到1975年的越南战争。就像在朝鲜战争中的立场一样,美国政府试图帮助越南,避免共产党执政。这场战争在美国引起了很大的反响,遭到民众的强烈反对。很多美国士兵都牺牲了,最后,美国输了,整个越南都在共产党的统治之下了。
  Finally, the last war fought by the United States in the 1900s was the Persian Gulf War, which is sometimes just called the Gulf War. This war was fought between Iraq and a coalition (or group that works together) of 34 countries, but the United States and the United Kingdom were the leaders. The United States’ reason for fighting in the war was to help the country of Kuwait, which had been invaded by Iraqi soldiers, which means that Iraqis had taken control of the country without the Kuwaitis’ permission. However, many Americans think that the Gulf War was really about getting enough oil for the United States and the other coalition countries to use. 

  最后一场美国于20世纪参与的战争是波斯湾战争,有时也叫做海湾战争。这场战争发生在伊拉克和以美英为首的34国联盟之间。美国参战原因是为了恢复科威特的领土完整,击退未经允许而侵入的伊拉克军队。但很多美国人认为美国及其他联盟国参战的真正原因是为了得到足够多的石油。

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