2014.6.6 【英译中】079 第一次世界大战时的美国总统是谁?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-06 14:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
79. Who was President during World War I?
Answer:
(Woodrow) Wilson
79. 第一次世界大战时的美国总统是谁?

伍德罗·威尔逊

Explanation:
  When Woodrow Wilson became the 28th president of the United States in 1912, he had no idea (or absolutely did not know) that he would have to lead the country through the first global war, or a war that affected (or changed or influenced) the whole world. World War I began in 1914 and it affected the rest of his presidency (or the time when he was president).
  当伍德罗·威尔逊在1912年成为美国第28任总统时,他根本还不知道自己将带领美国参加第一次世界大战,这场席卷全球的战役。这场战争时1914年打响的,影响了他整个任职生涯。
  At first, President Wilson wanted the United States to be as neutral as possible, not fighting on either side of the war. However, the Germans kept attacking (or fighting) with submarines, which are large boats that travel under the water, where they can’t be seen. This made President Wilson decide to enter the war.
  刚开始,威尔逊总统希望美国尽可能保持中立,不想卷入任一战场。然而,德国的无限制潜艇战,由于在水下看不见,让美国防不胜防,威尔逊总统再也坐不住了。
  He started the United States’ first real draft in 1917. The draft made young American men fight in the army whether they wanted to or not. To get money for the war, President Wilson helped the United States make billions of dollars by selling Liberty Bonds, which were pieces of paper that people bought from the government with the promise that the government would give them even more money on a certain day in the future. President Wilson also started the income tax, which makes Americans pay a percentage of all the money they receive for working to the U.S. government.
  他在1917年发动了美国历史上首次实际有效的征兵。这次征兵强行把年轻人送上战场而不顾他们的意愿。威尔逊总统通过建立自由公债(政府向人们出售公债,并承诺在未来某一天以更高的价格支付债权人),为美国筹集了数十亿战争资金。同时他还开征收入税,规定人们必须按他们工资收入的一定比例缴税。
  As World War I ended, President Wilson became heavily (or very much) involved in the peace talks, which are discussions that should lead to the end of a war so that all countries are satisfied. He led the negotiations (or discussions where people or countries agree on what they want) with Germany and helped to create the peace treaties (or agreements between countries).
  当第一次世界大战结束时,威尔逊总统在和平谈判中的地位举足轻重,做出了让所有国家达成一致的停火协定。他还主导了对德交涉并签订和平条约。
  In 1919, President Wilson received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in trying to start the League of Nations. The League of Nations was an international organization that was supposed to bring peace to the world and prevent other wars from being fought in the future.

  1919年威尔逊总统因其对创建国联的贡献而获得诺贝尔和平奖。国联是一个国际组织,任务是给世界带来和平,避免未来战争的爆发。

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