2014.06.06【英译中】照看孩子有益老人精神健康

NordicSnow (Ariel) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-06 19:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Grandmothers Become Mentally Sharper by Babysitting Grandchildren

照看孩子有益老人精神健康



Researchers claim that grandmothers who babysit their grandkids just once a week are mentally sharper than those who frequently take care of their grandchildren. 

研究员称,一周仅照看孩子一次的祖母比频繁照看孩子的祖母思维更加敏捷。 


The Australian study aimed to discover why some elderlies have slower mental decay compared to others. Previous studies have shown that mentally challenging tasks improve mental health for seniors. In the recent study, researchers assessed how caring for grandchildren affects the grandmothers’ mental health.

澳大利亚研究小组打算查明一些老人思维衰退比其他老人更为缓慢的原因。 以往的研究显示,耗费脑力的活动可提高老年人的精神健康。而从近期的研究中,研究员了解到了照看孩子是如何影响祖母的精神健康的。 


The researchers gathered 186 Australian women who participated before in the Women’s Healthy Aging Project study. All women aged between 57 and 68, but only 120 are grandmothers. They all took three different tests to measure their mental sharpness.

研究员召集了186位曾参与进妇女健康与老化研究项目的澳大利亚女性。她们的年龄均在57到68岁之间,其中120位身为祖母。每人都进行了三项不同的思维敏捷度测试。    


Results showed that grandmothers who babysit for their grandkids once a week got the highest scores in two of the three tests. On the other hand, grandmothers who babysit for over five days a week got the lowest scores in one test that measured memory and mental processing speed.

调查结果表明,每周照看孩子一天的祖母在三项测试的其中两项都获得了最高分数。而每周照看孩子五天以上的祖母在记忆力和大脑处理速度的测试项目中获得了最低分。


In addition, the grandmothers who spend more time with their grandkids reportedly feel more pressured by their own sons and daughters. These participants said their own offsprings were more demanding and gave them burdens.

此外,祖母花费在照看孩子上的时间越长,从子女处感觉到的压力似乎就越强烈。这部分老人表示她们的子女要求更为苛刻,给她们增添了负担。


According to Margery Gass [MAHR-juh-ree gas] of the North American Menopause Society (NAMS), being socially engaged has good mental effects for older women and lowers the risk of brain disorders. However, she implied that too much interaction with kids might be bad based on the findings.

据北美绝经协会(NAMS)的Margery Gass称,忙于社交活动有益于年老女性的精神健康,降低大脑紊乱的风险。然而,她也暗示,根据调查结果,过多地与孩子接触可能适得其反。 


Gass added that further studies are needed to know more about the health effects of babysitting on older women.

Gass补充道,为了更加深入地了解照看孩子会给年老女性的健康带来怎样的影响,还需要进行进一步的研究。



近期作业回顾

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