2014.06.06 【英译中】Education in America 美国的教育 【二】

发表于:2014-06-07 01:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Education in America

美国的教育



In elementary school,all children in a given grade study the same thing. In junior high school the student may

have a limited choice of subjects. In high school the choices is wider. While some subjects are required of

everyone, some high school students,in addition,take vocational classes,and others study subjects that will

prepare them for college. Students from both groups study under the same roof,each selecting

courses according to his or her needs and interests. High school students commonly study four to five basic

subjects per semester, each for approximately an hour a day. Additional courses,such as physical education,

 art,or music,may meet twice a week.


在小学,同一年级的所有学生学习相同的课程。在初中,学生能够选择的课程是有的。在高中,学生选择课程的范围变

得更广。尽管有些课程要求人人必修,有些高中生还会额外参加职业培训课,还有一些人学习大学学科,他们上大学做

准备。两组的学生都在同一个高中学习,根据各自的需求和兴趣来选择课程。高中生每学期通常学习4至5门础课程,每

个学科每天上课大约一个小时。附加课,像是体育,美术,或者是音乐课,可能是每周上两次课。



After high school a person may prepare for a particular vocation or occupation by attending vocational

course either in a junior college or in a privately supported training school such as secretarial or

industrial school.Or a person may attend a college or university. The term "college" refers to an undergraduate

institution that confers a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree after four years of study. A university

generally is a group of colleges,each serving a special purpose:a college of liberal arts, a college of business, a

college of education, and the like. In addition, universities offer graduate programs. The Master of Arts

degree occasionally may be obtained after one year of additional specialized study, although some institutions

require longer study. The Doctor of Philosophy is the highest degree in the area of the sciences and

humanities. Professional degrees in such fields as medicine and law are part of the programs of the

graduate education.


在高中毕业后,毕业生可以进入专科院校或是由私人投资的培训学校(像文秘类及工业类学校),来为他们进入特定的

业或职业做准备。高中毕业生也可以进入学院或大学深造。学院这个词指的是一个本科的学校,学生在学院学习四年之后

可以被授予文学士或理学士学位。大学通常指的是一组学院,每个学院都有有专门的目标。例如,文学院,商学院,教

育学院等等。而且,大学提供研究生课程。在你完成一年的额外课程专项研究之后可能获得文学士学位,尽管有些大学要

求更长时间的研究。在科学和人文领域,博士是最高的学位。在医学和法学等领域,专业证书是研究生教育项目一分。



Many colleges and universities are privately supported. Many have church affiliations. In each state, however,

there is at least one university and often several colleges that receive support from state funds. Students

in these schools, however, as well as those in private colleges, must pay tuition, but the state schools are much

less expensive than private ones, particularly for students who are resident of the state.


许多学院和大学都由私人资助。还有很多大学和学院有教会背景。在每个州,无论如何,至少会有一个大学,以及由国家

基金时常提供资助的几个学院。总之,学生在这些学校跟在私人学院一样,都必须要交学费。但是州立学校的学费比私立

学校更便尤其是对居住在这个州的学生来说。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-07 01:12
分类: 英语
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