2014.06.07 【英译中】Ireland's Contribution to English

justinesha (Justine) 译译生辉
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发表于:2014-06-07 16:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Ireland's Contribution to English

爱尔兰对英语的贡献


Nearly everyone knows that countries such as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are primarily English-speaking countries; that is, English is the mother tongue used in these countries.  What is less well known is that English is also the mother tongue in countries such the Republic of Ireland (officially called Eire), Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Guyana.  Among these latter few, the Irish have made contributions to the English language in both its lexicon and literature which can be considered second to none.

几乎众所周知的是,英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰等国家,都是主要的英语国家,也就是说,这些国家的人都以英语为母语。不过,不太为人所知的是,像爱尔兰(官方名:Eire)、巴巴多斯、牙买加、特立尼达、圭亚那等这些小国也是以英语为母语的国家。在这些小国中,爱尔兰对于英语的贡献,无论是在词汇方面还是在文学方面,都是首屈一指的。


Virtually every aspect of English literature has been graced by the writings of the Irish.  This fact is all the more amazing because Ireland is a relatively small country, with writers were indeed born and often raised in Ireland, though many, too, emigrated to the United Kingdom at some point in their lives.  Among these pillars of English literature were Jonathan Swift, William Bulter Yeats, James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw, and Edmund Burke.  Many other lesser-known figures have punctuated English literature as well.  These men's contributions to the English and to Western though in general are immeasurable.

事实上,爱尔兰作家为各种体裁的英语文学提供了大量的佳作。更令人吃惊的是,尽管爱尔兰是个相对较小的国家,但是英国作家中有很多人是来自爱尔兰的。他们出生在爱尔兰,其中大部分也在爱尔兰长大,后来才移居到了英国。这些英国文学的泰斗包括乔纳森·斯威夫特、威廉·勃特勒·叶芝、詹姆斯·乔伊斯、塞缪尔·贝克特、奥斯卡·王尔德、萧伯纳、埃德蒙·伯克等。还有很多没他们出名的作家也对英语文学作出过杰出的贡献。这些作家对英语和西方思想的贡献都是不可估量的。
(in general不知道放在哪里合适,望指点。)

Among the constellation of Irish talents, perhaps Swift and Shaw are two among the more brilliant stars, but much more could be written of those mentioned above and many others.  Though English literature written by the British suffices as an eternal and shining canon of literature, it would be nonetheless dimmer without the considerable talents of its Irish contributors.

在这些爱尔兰才子中,或许斯威夫特和萧伯纳是最闪亮的明星,但是以上提及的作家也不乏比他们更美妙的作品。尽管英国作家认为自己的文学作品才是永恒的经典,但是相比爱尔兰作家的贡献,却显得黯淡无光。


分类: 英语

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