2014.06.07【英译中】视听说,你更爱哪一个?

咯口 (61儿童节) 译心译意
301 12 0
发表于:2014-06-07 19:24 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

What's Your Learning Style?

 你的学习风格是什么?

Developing a Strategy for Study

发展一个学习技巧

By Gerald Erichsen

What's your learning style? Knowing and adjusting your studying accordingly could pay off for learning Spanish — and other subjects as well.

你的学习风格是怎样的?知道且判断你对应的学习能帮助你学习西班牙语—及其他学科。

All of us learn in our unique ways, but in general there are three common types of learning styles:

我们所有人都用一种独有的方法学习,但是一般我们可以将学习风格其氛围三种普通的类型。

  • Visual (视觉的
  • Auditory (听觉的
  • Kinesthetic(动觉的

As is probably obvious, visual learners can learn best when they see what they're trying to learn, and auditory learners do best when they can listen. Kinesthetic learners learn best by doing or when learning involves their hands or other parts of their body.

显而易见,视觉型的学习者当他们看到自己想学的的时候最学得最好,听觉型的学习者在他们能听见的时候学得最好。动觉型的学习者学得最好的时候是当他们通过实践学习或者是当学习牵涉他们的手或者是其他身体部位时。

Everybody uses all of these methods at one time or another, but most of us find some methods easier than others. And you may have noticed the different struggles that some students have had in school. An auditory student may do quite well listening to plain lectures, while a visual student appreciates having explanations put on the blackboard or displayed on an overhead projector.

每个人都会在一次或者别的时候使用所有的方法,但是我们大部分人都会发现一些方法比另一些容易。还有你可能注意到了一些学生在学校所做的不同的努力。当一个视觉型的学生在欣赏放在黑板上的说明或者是投影仪的演示时,一个听觉型的学生可能会保持安静来听清晰地的朗读。

I've seen the differences in learning styles in my own home. I'm a strong visual learner, and as such I found learning to converse in Spanish much more difficult than learning to read, write or learn grammar. I also appreciate diagrams and charts as an aid in learning and am a naturally good speller simply because words spelled wrong look wrong.

在我自己家里我就看到了学习风格的差异。我是一个大大的视觉型学习者,当我发现学习用西班牙语对话比学习读、写或者谁学习语法要难得多的时候。我也领会到图解和图表作为学习的辅助和我是一个天生的好的拼写者仅仅是因为拼错的词看起来是错的。

My wife, on the other hand, is a strong auditory learner. She has been able to pick up some Spanish simply by listening to my conversations, a feat that seems almost incomprehensible to me. She's one of those people who knows the words to a song after the first time she hears it, and that auditory aptitude has served her well in picking up foreign languages. In college she would spend hours listening to German tapes, and years later native German speakers were surprised to find out she had never visited their country.

我的妻子,换句话说,是一个大大的听觉型学习者。她仅仅是通过听我的对话就能够轻松学到一些西班牙语,这功绩在我看来几乎是不可以理解的。她是那种她第一次听到那个词之后就知道那个词在哪首歌里出现过,那听觉的天资很好地帮助她轻松学习外国语。在大学她似乎?是花了许多时间听德语磁带,而且在很多年后德国人很惊讶的发现她从没去过他们国家。

Kinesthetic learners can have the most difficulty learning, because schools as they are traditionally operated don't take them into account as much as they do auditory and visual learners, especially past elementary age. I have a son who is a kinesthetic learner, and it showed from an early age. Even when beginning to read he would prefer to do so while walking around the house, as if the motion of walking would somehow help him read. And more than any other child I've seen, during the age of primary school he was prone to act out stories with his toys, something his siblings never did.

动觉型学习者学习最为困难,因为传统的国营学校不把他们像听觉型和视觉型学习者一样计算在内,尤其是在过去的初级阶段。我有一个儿子是动觉型的,并且那在很小的时候就表现出来了。甚至他开始阅读的时候他会更喜欢一边绕着房子走一边读,就像是这个方案会在某种意义上帮助他阅读一样。比我看到的其他任何孩子都要多,在小学时代他倾向于用他的玩具把故事表演出来,这些是他的兄弟姐妹都没做过的。

What does all this have to do with learning Spanish? By finding out your preferred learning style, you can tailor your studies to emphasize what works best:

全部这些和学习西班牙语有什么关系?通过找出你偏好的学习风格,你可以调整你的学习着重于效果最好的方面:

  • Visual learners more often do well using books, and flashcards for rote memorization. If they also don't have a strong auditory aptitude, they may struggle with developing conversation skills. One way they can boost their listening skills is to use computer programs or video devices to provide subtitles or other visual clues to what they're hearing.
  • 视觉型学习者更加能利用好书本和卡片的死记硬背。如果他们同时没有好的听觉天分,他们可能会纠结于?提高会话技能。他们能用来促进他们的听力技能的一个方法就是使用计算机程序或者视频设备来提供他们所听到的台词或者别的视觉线索。
  • Auditory learners may have the easiest time developing conversation skills. They benefit more than other types of learners by listening to instructional tapes, watching Spanish TV, listening to Spanish radio, or listening to Spanish music.
  • 听觉型学习者可能在提高会话技能的时候最轻松。他们通过听教学磁带,看西班牙电视节目,听西班牙语广播或者是听西班牙歌曲会比其它类型的学习者收益更多。
  • Kinesthetic learners often need to use some sort of physical activity to help themselves learn. For many, merely taking notes during class or from a textbook can help. They also do well to speak their lessons out loud, or use software that encourages interactivity.
  • 动觉型学习者常常需要使用某些身体活动来帮助他们自己学习。对很多人来说,仅仅是记下课堂上的或者一本教科书的笔记就会有所帮助。他们也可以很好的大声说出他们的课程、或者是使用激励互动型的软件。

Remember, no one learning style is inherently better than another; each has advantages and drawbacks, depending on what you're trying to learn. By adapting what you want to know to your learning style, you can make learning easier and more enjoyable.

记住,不是哪一个学习风格都注定是优于其它;每一个都有其优缺点、这取决于你要学习的是什么。通过适应什么是你想知道的你的学习风格,你可以让你的学习更简单且更加享受。



分类: 英语
全部回复 (12) 回复 反向排序

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团