2014.6.8 【英译中】货币的历史

yokuhama (雨月) 译坛新秀
111 6 0
发表于:2014-06-08 10:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Money's got a very colourful history, because a number of things have been used in the place of what we use as money. Feathers, shells, cloth ...salt in Roman times when the Roman soldiers were paid in salt and that's how we get the word salary, from the Latin sal for salt.

货币有一个多彩的历史,充当货币的物品多的可以和我们今天使用的货币种类相提并论。羽毛、备课、衣物...盐(salt)在罗马时代被罗马士兵用作货币,因此从拉丁文sa长生了工资(salary)一词


And a number of tribes used cattle, which were useful because they were transportable. But they were quite bulky and you weren't always sure of the size of cattle you were going to get, so there was a problem there of quality.

一些部落由于看中牛的可移动性而使用它们作为货币。但是它们体积庞大而且并不是每次都可以得到适当大小的牛,并且它们的质量不稳定是一个大麻烦。


In the ninth century in China we had paper money for the first time. It wasn't quite the paper money that we know, it was more like a piece of paper saying a promise to pay.


中国在九世纪在世界上首先首先产生了纸币。但它们不像我们今天所熟知的纸币,更像是一个写着支付承诺的纸张。



And then in the seventh century we had money in the form of precious metal. There was always a problem of making sure that the coin that you got had enough precious metal in it to give it a value. When things got tough, you often found some civilisations were quite good at what they called sweating the money, which was effectively taking out the precious metal content so that what you got actually wasn't what you thought you got.


之后在17世纪产生了贵金属形式的货币。确保货币中含有足量的贵金属始终是一个难题。当你倒霉的时候,你会发现文明人非常擅长“擦钱”,也就是一种有效的从贵金属货币中提取贵金属的方法,这种方法使贵金属货币没有它标明的价值大。




And we have a form of that here in Australia when we had the holey dollar ... when we had a coin with a hole in the middle because there was a shortage of metal. 

在澳大利亚还有一种中间带孔的钱,这种货币出现的缘由是因为金属的缺乏。



And in those days, Spanish coins were used a lot. Sometimes stores used certain tokens because there was a shortage of actual coinage. And then there is money as we know it today in notes and coins - plastic notes.


那时候,西班牙硬币使用广泛。又是由于流通硬币不足,商店会用一些代币。之后就有了我们今天熟悉的货币形式--纸币、硬币盒塑料货币。




And of course, if we were doing this program in a hundred years time we might talk about quaint little things called money, notes and coins, because all we'd be using would be plastic card.

当然,如果我们继续解决这一难题,我们就会考虑一些奇怪的小玩意用以替代纸币和硬币和可能使用的塑料卡片。


求点评,英日混血新人求勾搭 @heyjude1943 @Medical20 @me陈丽雯 
@Shelly牧 @loislotus @lotusLI88 @fay_ai @Anna绘馨 1 @夕琦 


分类: 英语
全部回复 (6) 回复 反向排序

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团