2014.6.8 【英译中】080 哪位总统在经济大萧条和第二次世界大战时执政?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-08 10:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?  
Answer:   
 (Franklin) Roosevelt 
80 在经济大萧条和第二次世界大战时,是哪位总统执政?
富兰克林·罗斯福


Explanation:   
  When Franklin D. Roosevelt became president of the United States, he said, “the only thing we have to fear (or be afraid of) is fear itself." This phrase became very well known and gave inspiration (or hope) to millions of Americans who were living in very difficult times. Roosevelt became president in 1933 during the Great Depression, which was a period of time when the U.S. economy was doing very poorly.  
  当富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福成为美国总统时,他说“我们唯一要惧怕的就是惧怕本身”。这句话后来成了名言,鼓舞了成千上万处于艰难时刻的美国人。1933年正值经济大萧条,国内经济形势十分严峻,罗斯福执政。
  President Roosevelt did many things to help Americans during the Great Depression. He had a plan called the New Deal that helped the unemployed (or people who couldn’t find jobs), made the banking system better, and helped to strengthen the economy. 
  罗斯福总统实行了许多政策来挽救美国的经济大萧条。他提出“新政”计划,帮助失业人群,优化银行系统,复苏美国经济。
  Then, just when the Great Depression was ending and the U.S. economy was getting better, World War II began and President Roosevelt had many new challenges (or things that are difficult to do). He started rationing, letting people have only small amounts of things that were also needed by the army. He also worked to expand (or make bigger) the manufacturing industry (or the part of the economy that makes things) in the United States. He approved the law that created a minimum wage, which is the smallest amount of money that a person can be paid for each hour of work. 
  当经济大萧条结束时,美国经济状况也逐渐好转,第二次世界大战又爆发了,罗斯福总统再次面临新的挑战。他实行定量配给制,对于军队所需的物质,只提供一小部分给平民。。同时扩张美国制造业,通过立法来制定最低工资,也就是一个人时薪的最低标准。
  President Roosevelt served (or worked as president) for 12 years, from 1933 to 1945. He was the only U.S. President who has served more than two terms (or two four-year periods). After his presidency, the 22nd Amendment (or change to the law) to the U.S. Constitution was made, so that no president could serve more than two terms. 
  从1933年到1945年,罗斯福总统共任职12年。他是唯一一位任职超过2届的总统。自他之后,第二十二条宪法修正案通过,规定以后的总统任期都不能超过2届。
  He was a very strong president, yet his body was weak (or not strong). President Roosevelt was almost paralyzed (or unable to move) in the lower part of his body. He used a wheelchair, which is a special chair on wheels, but he almost never let people see him using it. 

  尽管罗斯福是个强大的总统,但他的身体状况很差。他的下半身几乎瘫痪,需要用到轮椅来行动,但他从不在人前显露。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-11 20:17
分类: 英语
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