发表于:2014-06-09 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

发错地址补贴  原址:http://bulo.hujiang.com/diary/995921/


Any odours that are experienced in dreams, like Faruolo's, are "created by the brain not from outside".

That is one theory. Prof Thomas Hummel of the University of Dresden's Smell and Taste Clinic has another. His research corroborates Herz's conclusion that smells do not rouse us from sleep, but olfactory stimuli do influence our dreams, he suggests.In one experiment, in which volunteers were stimulated with hydrogen sulphide (the rotten-egg stink-bomb smell) and phenyl ethyl alcohol (which resembles the smell of roses), participants reported having more positive dreams with the sweet-smelling stimulus and more negative dreams with the foul-smelling one.However, none of them reported Maury-style direct incorporation of the smell stimulus into their dreams.

Both Herz and Hummel, though, do accept that olfactory dreams exist, as does Rosalia Cavalieri, author of Il naso intelligente (The Intelligent Nose), though she says they are very rare.
尽管赫兹和胡梅尔都同意带有嗅觉的梦确实存在,但是Il naso intelligente (智慧的鼻子)一书的作者罗萨莉亚·卡瓦列里认为,这种情形相当少见。

One reason for this, she speculates, is that the sense of smell is "disregarded, doomed to marginality", especially in Western culture, which gives priority to sight and hearing. Immanuel Kant, the German philosopher, called smell the "least rewarding and most easily dispensable" of our senses.

"Just like dreams, smells mostly act outside our conscious sphere and nevertheless condition our behaviour," Cavalieri says. "And, just like dreams, smells have an evocative nature which is difficult to express in words."

Olfactory perception studies have shown that if a smell is familiar or can be named, people perceive it better, even when conscious. This would explain why so many olfactory dreamers are, in Faruolo's experience, involved in the perfume sector. They pay more attention to the sense of smell, and are better at describing smells in words.

Faruolo dedicated this year's Smell Festival to "the scent of dreams" partly because she is fascinated by the idea that in dreams it may be possible to experience smells we have never experienced, or that do not exist in reality.

Helen Keller: In my dreams I have sensations... which I do not remember to have had in reality

The most convincing evidence of this on record, according to Cavalieri, comes from the memoirs of the deaf and blind author, Helen Keller, "'compelled' to exert" her sense of smell more than most people. In her book, The World I Live In, Keller writes:

"I smell and taste much as in my waking hours... In my dreams I have sensations, odours, tastes, and ideas which I do not remember to have had in reality."

So perhaps, if we develop our odour awareness, we are all capable of having fantastic scent-rich dreams. 


A word of caution though from Professor Hummel, who confesses that, in spite of years of research in the field, he still does not experience olfactory dreams.

"I do not have any. But my wife does." 


分类: 英语

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