2014.6.6【英译中】人在梦中能闻到气味吗?(2)

发表于:2014-06-09 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

发错地址补贴  原址:http://bulo.hujiang.com/diary/995921/

(接上文)


Any odours that are experienced in dreams, like Faruolo's, are "created by the brain not from outside".
正如法鲁罗所言,任何在梦中闻到的味道,都是由大脑生成而非来自外部环境。

That is one theory. Prof Thomas Hummel of the University of Dresden's Smell and Taste Clinic has another. His research corroborates Herz's conclusion that smells do not rouse us from sleep, but olfactory stimuli do influence our dreams, he suggests.In one experiment, in which volunteers were stimulated with hydrogen sulphide (the rotten-egg stink-bomb smell) and phenyl ethyl alcohol (which resembles the smell of roses), participants reported having more positive dreams with the sweet-smelling stimulus and more negative dreams with the foul-smelling one.However, none of them reported Maury-style direct incorporation of the smell stimulus into their dreams.
这是一种理论。德累斯顿大学的嗅觉与味觉门诊的托马斯·胡梅尔教授有着另一种理论。他的研究证实了赫兹的结论,既人在睡梦中无法对嗅觉产生反应,但他表示,气味的刺激确实会对我们的梦境产生影响。在一个实验中,志愿者在梦中闻到了硫化氢(带有臭鸡蛋味道的刺激气体)和苯乙醇(有类似与玫瑰的味道)两种味道,参加者们表示闻到甜蜜气味的时候做的美梦更多,而闻到难闻的味道时做的噩梦更多。然而,并没有人报告像穆雷那样,闻到的味道直接和梦境关联在一起。


Both Herz and Hummel, though, do accept that olfactory dreams exist, as does Rosalia Cavalieri, author of Il naso intelligente (The Intelligent Nose), though she says they are very rare.
尽管赫兹和胡梅尔都同意带有嗅觉的梦确实存在,但是Il naso intelligente (智慧的鼻子)一书的作者罗萨莉亚·卡瓦列里认为,这种情形相当少见。


One reason for this, she speculates, is that the sense of smell is "disregarded, doomed to marginality", especially in Western culture, which gives priority to sight and hearing. Immanuel Kant, the German philosopher, called smell the "least rewarding and most easily dispensable" of our senses.
她解释道,其中一个原因是因为嗅觉是”不被重视的,被边缘化的“,特别在西方文化中,嗅觉让位于视觉和听觉。德国哲学家以马内利·康德称嗅觉是人类感觉中”最不被承认且最容易被忽视的“。


"Just like dreams, smells mostly act outside our conscious sphere and nevertheless condition our behaviour," Cavalieri says. "And, just like dreams, smells have an evocative nature which is difficult to express in words."
”和梦一样,嗅觉通常作用于我们意识范围之外,尽管如此它仍旧控制着我们的行为,“卡瓦列里说,”另外一个让嗅觉和梦很相似的特点,就是嗅觉有一种难以用语言描述的唤起性的本质。“


Olfactory perception studies have shown that if a smell is familiar or can be named, people perceive it better, even when conscious. This would explain why so many olfactory dreamers are, in Faruolo's experience, involved in the perfume sector. They pay more attention to the sense of smell, and are better at describing smells in words.
对嗅觉感官的研究表明,即使是在有意识的情况下,被人熟悉或被命名的气味能更容易被人们接受。这就解释了为何如此多的嗅觉梦感知者,例如法鲁罗的经历,有大段关于香水的片段。他们对于嗅觉更加敏感,也更加善于用语言描述气味。

Faruolo dedicated this year's Smell Festival to "the scent of dreams" partly because she is fascinated by the idea that in dreams it may be possible to experience smells we have never experienced, or that do not exist in reality.
法鲁罗持续数年投身于“梦的气息”嗅觉庆典,部分原因是她沉醉于一个想法,她认为在梦中也许我们能嗅到我们从未嗅到过的味道,甚至是并不存在于现实中的味道。


Helen Keller: In my dreams I have sensations... which I do not remember to have had in reality
伦凯勒:在梦中我有一种感觉…我不记得我在现实中感受过

The most convincing evidence of this on record, according to Cavalieri, comes from the memoirs of the deaf and blind author, Helen Keller, "'compelled' to exert" her sense of smell more than most people. In her book, The World I Live In, Keller writes:
据卡瓦列里说,有记录的最有说服力的证据来自于盲聋作家——海伦凯勒。她不得不比大多数人更常使用嗅觉。在她的著作《我生活的世界》一书中,凯勒这样写道:

"I smell and taste much as in my waking hours... In my dreams I have sensations, odours, tastes, and ideas which I do not remember to have had in reality."
“在我醒着的大部分时间里,我都在闻和品尝…在梦里我有意识,有嗅觉和味觉,也知道什么是我在现实中不曾经历过的。”


So perhaps, if we develop our odour awareness, we are all capable of having fantastic scent-rich dreams. 

大概,如果对自己的嗅觉进行挖掘,我们也能感受到气味丰富,精彩绝伦的梦境吧。


A word of caution though from Professor Hummel, who confesses that, in spite of years of research in the field, he still does not experience olfactory dreams.
不过胡梅尔教授坦言,尽管他已经在这一领域研究了数十年,但他至今仍未能体验到嗅觉梦。


"I do not have any. But my wife does." 

“我不曾体验过。但我的妻子却体验到了。”他这么说。


分类: 英语

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团