2014.6.9 【英译中】013 美国政府有哪几个分支?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-09 15:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
13.  Name one branch or part of the government. 
Answer:   
•  Congress/legislative 
•  President/executive 
•  The courts/judicial 
13. 美国政府有哪几个分支?
国会/立法分支
总统/行政分支
法院/司法分支


Explanation:  
    The United States government is divided into three branches (or parts), and all three share equal (or the same) amounts of power. The easiest way to understand the divisions (or parts) of American government is to think of the government as a tree, with three branches of the same size growing from the trunk (or the base, which is the biggest part of the tree). The government was set up this way in the Constitution by the Founding Fathers so that no one branch of government would be able to have absolute power (or total control) over another. 
   美国政府分为权力相等三个部分。最容易理解的方式就是把美国政府看作是一棵大树,把三个部分看成是从同一根树干上长出来的同样大小的三根树枝。开国元勋们颁布《宪法》的同时,也制定了这种政府形态,为了避免其中一个分支独揽大权。
    The first of the three branches of government is Congress, which is also known as the legislative branch. Legislative is another word for lawmaking, so Congress is the branch that makes and passes (or approves) laws. Congress also has the power to control how the government spends its money, known as appropriations. The legislative branch is located in the U.S. Capitol building, a famous building with a dome roof (or round top) in Washington, D.C.  
   政府的第一个部分就是国会,也叫立法分支。立法换个说法就是制定法律,因此国会就是制定法律然后表决是否通过的部门。国会还有权控制国家财政支出,即拨款。立法分支位于美国国会大厦,一座位于华盛顿特区的著名圆顶建筑。
    The second branch is the executive branch, which is the president of the United States. Executive means “leader,” so it is the president’s job to lead the country and its military (or the people and organizations who fight for a country, usually to protect it). The vice president, the president’s top advisor (or most trusted guide), is also an important part of the executive branch. The president lives and works in the White House, which is also located in Washington, D.C.  The executive branch also includes all of the departments, agencies, and government organizations that help carry out or put into practice the laws of the United States. 
   政府的第二个部分就是行政分支,也就是总统。“行政”的意思就是“领导”,因此总统的任务就是领导国家和军队。副总统,即总统的首席顾问,也是行政分支中的重要组成部分。总统的居所和办公地点都在同样位于华盛顿特区的白宫。行政分支还包括所有的部门、公众服务机构和政府组织组,来确保法律的实施。
    The third branch of government is the judicial (or legal) branch, also known as the courts. The Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. is the highest or most powerful court in the judicial branch, but there are also many smaller federal (or national) courts.  All of these courts interpret (or decide how to understand) and explain the laws passed by Congress. 
    政府的第三个部分是司法分支,也就是法院。在华盛顿特区的最高法院位列司法分支顶端,是集地位、权力之大成者。当然还有一些小型的联邦法院。所有这些法院都负责诠释国会通过的法案。
    Each division of the government holds separate and different powers, but the three branches are all part of the same tree and are all necessary for making sure that the United States’ system of government continues to work. 

    政府的每一分支各司其职,但是这三个分支都是从来自于同一棵树,并都有义务确保美国政体的持续运作。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-11 20:13
分类: 英语
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