2014.6.9 【英译中】015 谁是行政分支的领袖?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-09 15:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
15.  Who is in charge of the executive branch? 
Answer:   
The President 
15. 谁是行政分支的领袖?
美国总统


Explanation:  
   Many people know who the president of the United States is, but what does the president do?  The president is the person in charge of (or responsible for) the executive branch. The president’s main job is to be the commander-in-chief, which means that he or she commands, or is the top leader of, the United States armed forces (or military). As commander-in-chief, the president has the power to send troops (or soldiers) to fight overseas (or in another country) at any time, but he or she can’t officially declare (or decide on) a war without the approval (or agreement) of Congress.  
  大家都知道美国总统是谁,但你知道他具体做些什么事吗?总统主管行政分支,是美国军队的总司令官,即三军统帅。总统有权决定何时出兵打仗,但他不能未经国会批准就发动战争。
   The president is also known as the head of state.  The head of any organization is the person who is in charge, and is the most important and powerful person in that organization.  So as the head of state, the president is responsible for developing important relationships with leaders of other countries. 
   大家也都知道总统时国家领导人。任何组织的头目,就是那个组织最重要、最有权力的领导者。因此,作为国家领袖,总统有责任同其他国家领导人发展重要关系。
   Another of the president’s powers is the ability to appoint (or choose) people to serve in the government. The most important people the president appoints are the members of his or her cabinet (or the group of people who give the president advice). The most powerful person in the president’s cabinet is the vice president. If the president dies or is unable to perform his responsibilities (or do his job) for any reason, the vice president must lead the country and its military.  
   美国总统的另一项权力就是可以任命为政府工作的人员。其中最重要的职位就是他/她的内阁。内阁中最重要的成员就是副总统。如果总统死了或由于种种原因无法履职,副总统就应当担负起领导国家及军队的责任。
   The president has a lot of power, so there are some important requirements for the job. To become president, a person must be at least 35 years old, born in the United States, and must have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Once a president is elected (or chosen by the voters), his or her term of office (or the length of time that he or she has the job) is four years. A president cannot serve more than two terms, for a total of eight years. This term limit (or the maximum number of years that a person can be president) is established in the 22nd Amendment, which was added to the Constitution in 1951. This limit exists for the same reason that checks and balances exist: to make sure that no one person (in this case, the president) can wield (or hold or use) too much power in the government. 

    总统拥有很多权力,要胜任也有许多必要条件。要成为总统,你首先得满35岁,出生在美国本土,并且居住满14年。一旦竞选成功当了总统,任期就是四年。但任职决不能超过2届,最多8年。这个时间限制是在1951年通过的第二十二条宪法修正案中规定的。这也是权力均衡的体现:保证无人能在政府中独揽大权。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-09 15:52
分类: 英语
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