2014.06.08 【英译中】The System of the Federal Government 联邦政府体制 【一】

发表于:2014-06-09 23:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The System of the Federal Government 

联邦政府体制


The United States is a federal union of 50 states.The District of Columbia is the seat of the national government.The Constitution outlines the structure of the national government and specifies its powers and activities.Other government activities are the responsibilities of the individual states,which have their own constitutions and laws.Within each state are counties,townships,cities and villages,each of which has its own elective government.


美国是一个由50个州组成的联邦。哥伦比亚特区是国家政府的所在地。宪法概述了国家政府的结构,同时也阐明了国家政府的权利和职能。其他的政府职能则由各个州来承担,各州有自己的宪法和法律。州以下是县,镇,市和村,各州都有其民选政府。



All government in the United States is "of,by and for the people".Members of Congress,the President,state officials,and those who govern counties and cities are elected by popular vote.Heads of federal departments are named by the President,and judges are either elected directly by the people or are appointed by elected officials.Voting ballots are unsigned and marked by the voters in private booths so that no one else can find out for whom a citizen is voting.Public officials may be removed form office for failing to perform their duties properly as well as for serious violations of law.


美国各级政府是“民有,民治,民享的政府”。国会议员,总统,州政府官员,县长,市长都是由全体选民投票选出来的。联邦各部门的部长由总统任命,法官直接由人民选举产生,或是由选举出来的官员指派。实习不记名投票。投票人在一个私人隔离的投票站进行投票,这样一来就没有人知道他投了谁的票。严重违反法律和滥用职权的公务员可以被免职。



When the Constitution was written in 1787,there were only 13 states.The drafters of the Constitution saw that the future might bring a need for change,so they provided a method of adding amendments.Over the years 26 amendments have been added,but the basic document has not been changed.The pattern of government planned so long ago for 13 states today meets the needs of 50 states and more than 50 times as many people.


在1787年草拟宪法的时候,美国仅有13个州。宪法起草人预计未来可能需要(对宪法的内容进行)改变,所以他们提供了一个方法来添加修改(宪法)。多年来宪法共添加了26个修正案,但是基本文档并没有并改变。很久之前为当时的13个州设计的国家政府体制,至今仍能满足超过50个州和超过当时人口50倍人的需要。

 

字数:408




最后编辑于:2014-06-23 22:21
分类: 英语
全部回复 (6) 回复 反向排序

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团