2014.06.09 【英译中】The System of the Federal Government 联邦政府体制 【二】

发表于:2014-06-10 10:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The System of the Federal Government

 联邦政府体制 



Individual rights and freedom are assured in the constitution and are listed in the first 10 amendments called

the "Bill of Rights",which were added in 1791.They include provisions for freedom of speech,of the press and of

worship;the right of citizens to meet peacefully;the right to be secure in one's own home against unreasonable

searches and seizure of persons or property;and the right of any person charged with breaking the law to have

a speedy trial by a jury of fellow citizens.

个人权利和自由受宪法保障,这个条例被载入1791年的10个修正案中,被称为《人权法案》。十个修正案中包括公民享有言论,著作及信仰自由,有和平集会的权利。有在自己家里享有人身安全自由,免受非法搜查和没收个人财物的权利。以及任何被指控触犯法律的人享有公民陪审团及时审理的权利



The Constitution divides the powers of the government into three branches——the Executive,headed by the

President;the Legislative,which includes both houses of Congress (the Senate and the House of

Representatives);and the Judicial,which is headed by the Supreme Court.The Constitution limits the powers of

each branch and prevents any one branch form gaining under power.

宪法将政府权力分给三个部门——以总统为首的行政部门,由国会两院(包括参议院和众议院)组成的立法部门,还有以最高法院为首的司法部门。宪法限制每个部门的权利,以防任何一个部门获得过多的权利。



The whole system of American government is based on the principles established in the Constitution and Bill of

Rights.The people believe that the government should provide a framework of law and order in which they are 

left free to run their own lives.

美国政府的整个体制都是在宪法和人权法案的基础上建立的。美国人们认为政府应该提出一个法律和秩序准则,那样人们就可以自由地过自己的生活。



中文字数:299

最后编辑于:2014-06-10 17:08
分类: 英语
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