2014.6.11 【英译中】083 冷战期间,美国最担心的是什么?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-11 14:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
Answer:
Communism
83. 冷战期间,美国最担心的是什么?
共产主义


Explanation:
  A war usually involves a lot of fighting and death. The Cold War, however, was different. The Cold War wasn’t actually a war, but instead it was a very long period of hostility (or dislike) between the United States and the Soviet Union (or the part of the world that would later become Russia and other countries). The two countries disagreed on ideology (or ideas about how governments should work). The United States believed that democracies were the best governments. The Soviet Union believed that communism was best.
  战争通常充满了斗争和死亡,冷战却不同。冷战事实上不是一场真实的战争,但却承载着美国和苏联长期的敌意。这两个国家的主要分歧体现在意识形态上。美利坚合众国认为自由民主才是最好的治国之道,而苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟则坚持共产主义。
  The Cold War began in the mid-1940s and didn’t end until the early 1990s. During that time, the United States and the Soviet Union were the world’s superpowers (or most powerful and richest countries). Many people were scared that the two superpowers would begin to actually fight each other, causing many deaths, but that never happened.
  冷战从20世纪40年代中期直到20世纪90年代。这段时期的美国和苏联都是超级大国。很多人都害怕这两个超级大国真的打起来,这样会造成极大的伤亡,但所幸这并没有发生。
  But there were many dangerous threats (or bad things that could have happened) during that time. The two superpowers engaged (or became involved) in a nuclear arms race. This was a period of time when both superpowers made a lot of nuclear arms (or weapons) like bombs. Each country wanted to have more nuclear weapons than the other country did. The superpowers spent a lot of money making these weapons and building defense to protect themselves from each other.
  但那段时期却威胁不断。这两个超级大国展开了核军备竞赛。这两个国家在此期间造了大量的核武器,例如炸弹。每一方都想要比另一方拥有更多的核武器。两国都在制造武器上耗费了大量金钱来抵御对方。
  The United States was worried about the spread (or growth) of communism. The Soviet Union was helping other countries adopt (or begin to follow) communism. All those countries were said to be behind the Iron Curtain. When the Soviet Union began to be powerful in another country, the United States tried to stop the spread of communism there. At the same time, the Soviet Union sent its support to countries where there was a communist movement (or interest in becoming communist).

  美国一直都担心共产主义的扩张。苏联则致力于帮助其他国家建立共产主义。所有这些国家都笼罩在铁幕之下。当苏联在一个国家的势力逐渐强大时,美国就会出面抑制共产主义的扩张。同时苏联也会支援那些进行共产主义运动的国家。

  In the late 1980s and early 1990s, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the head (or leader) of the Soviet Union, began to have diplomatic discussions, or conversations between political leaders. These discussions eventually (or after a long period of time) led to the end of the Cold War.
  20世纪80年代末期到90年代初期,美国总统罗纳德·里根和苏联总统米哈伊尔·戈尔巴乔夫开始进行外交谈判,即高级首脑会谈。这些协谈最终为冷战画上了休止符。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-11 14:29
分类: 英语
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