2014.06.11【中译英】美术史在美术学中的地位1

发表于:2014-06-11 14:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

二、美术史在美术学中的地位

The Role of Art History in the Science of Fine Arts

研究美术的科学统称“美术学”。它包括三大学科:美术理论、美术批评和美术史。显然,美术史同美术理论、美术批评有密切的关系,同时它与美术及其它一些人文学科的关系也相当密切。

The sciences studying fine arts are collectively called “Fine Arts”, which contains three major subjects: Art Theory, Art Criticism and Art History. Obviously, Art History has close relationships with Art Theory and Art Criticism, it also connects closely with fine arts and other humanities. 

1  美术史与美学的关系

The relationship between Art History and Aesthetics

美学的目的在于弄清原理。

Aesthetics aims to clarify art principles. 

美学家试图掌握艺术的本质,设法对各种不同的思想进行归纳、分类,并给各种思想和概念下定义,如“美”“美感”“审美价值”“崇高”“优美”“社会美”“自然美”等,是一些抽象的概念。

Aestheticians attempt to grasp the essence of art through the methods of summarizing and analyzing different art thoughts, and giving definitions to those thoughts and concepts , such as abstract concepts, like “beauty”, “aesthetic value”, “lofty”, “elegance”, “social beauty”, “natural beauty” and so on. 

美术史以历史的观点对待材料,按年代或主题加以分类并加评论和哲学的分析。

Art History, however, treats material from historical perspective, classifying them according to years or themes, and then giving comments and philosophic analyzes. 

假如美学要进行归纳,就必须从美术史(或其他艺术史)中获取所需的大部分资料;反之,如果美术史要想进行评论和哲学分析,就必须运用美学概念。

To summarize aesthetics, we must obtain the majority of the information needed from fine arts history (or other art histories); on the contrary, to review and apply philosophic analyze on art history, we must turn to aesthetics. 

因此,美学和美术史之间的主要区别在于两者对相同事实的组织方式的不同。

Therefore, the main difference between aesthetics and fine arts history lies in the different ways of organization of the same facts.


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最后编辑于:2014-06-16 20:25
分类: 英语
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