2014.06.11【中译英】美术史在美术学中的地位2

发表于:2014-06-11 14:34 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

2  美术史与美术理论、美术批评的关系

The Relationships with Art Theory and Art Criticism

美术理论、美术批评和美术史是研究美术的三大学科。

Art Theory, Art Criticism and Art History are the three major subjects on studying fine arts.

美术理论着重研究美术的基本原理,探讨美术的基本规律,近似自然科学中的基础科学;美术批评和美术史则是运用这些原理去评论美术家、作品,研究美术的现状和历史,与自然科学各有分工,各有侧重,但又有十分密切的联系。

Art Theory focuses on the researches of art basic principles and the discussions of art’s basic laws, which is similar to the basic subject of natural science; while Art Criticism and Art History, by using these principles, review artiest, art works, and study the status quo and history of art. They have close relationships with natural science, but different division and emphasis.

美术理论要为美术批评、美术史提供思想武器和理论武器,使它们的研究建立在科学的基础之上;美术批评、美术史又为美术理论提供研究成果,使它能得到不断地丰富和发展。

Art Theory shall provide Art Criticism and Art History with ideological weapons, making their researches based on science; on the other hand, Art Criticism and Art History provide their research achievements to Art Theory, enabling it undergo development all the time and become richer and richer. 

总之,完成美术的研究任务,是离不开理论、批评和历史的通力合作的。

 In short, art’s research work cannot be completed without the cooperation of art theory, art criticism and art history.

一个美术史家应该通晓美术理论,更应该是个美术批评家.一个真正的艺术家和艺术教育家也必须熟悉艺术发展的历史和具备较高的理论修养,也应该是一个艺术的鉴赏家和批评家。

 An art historian should not only be proficient in art theory, but also a qualified arts critic. Meanwhile, a real artist and art educator shall also be acquainted with the art history and equipped with profound theory knowledge, and a connoisseur and critic of art.


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