2014.06.11 [英译中] 你,语言学习者(一)

发表于:2014-06-11 20:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Everything depends on you

You, the language learner, are the most important factor in the language learning process. Success or failure will, in the end, be determined by what you yourself contribute. Many learners tend to blame teachers, circumstance, and teaching materials for their lack of success can ultimately be found in themselves. There are several learner traits that are relevant to learning a foreign language, and they usually appear in combination. A positive combination of these traits is probably more important than any single trait by itself.

任何事情取决于你

你作为语言学习者,是语言学习过程中最重要的因素。成败与否最终将取决于你自己的付出。许多语言学习者将自己学习的失败责怪于老师,环境和授课材料,然而他们失败中致命的原因归根结底却是他们自身的问题。在学习语言的过程中,一些学习者的特征与学习外语相关而这些特征经常互相结合出现。这些特征积极组合在一起可能比任何一个特征单独出现更为重要。


It is important to realize that there is no stereotype of "the good language learner." There are, instead, many individual traits that contribute to success, and there are also many individual ways of learning a foreign language. People can compensate for the absence of one trait by relying more heavily on another and by accentuating their strengths to compensate for their weaknesses. There is no conclusive evidence that any one of the traits described below is more important than another, particularly over long periods of language study. The descriptons in this chapter are intended to help you analyze your predispositions. As a result, you may better understand how to enhance your learning by emphasizing your strengths and minimizing the effects of your weaknesses.

本篇文章想让读者意识到很重要的一点是一个好的语言学习者不拘于一种固定模式, 相反,许多独立特征也可以引导学习者走向成功,同时,也有许多独立的方法可以去学习外语。学习者可以强烈依赖于一种特征而弥补由于另一种特征的缺乏,也可以强调特征的优势去弥补他们的劣势。下文所要描述的特征,我们没有任何决定性的证据证明其中一项优于其他特征,尤其是长期学习语言。本章节所写内容是为了帮助读者们分析他们的学习倾向。最后,读者可以更好的了解如何通过扬长避短的的方法加强学习效果。


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