2014.06.12 【英译中】你,语言学习者(二)

发表于:2014-06-12 15:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Age and Foreign Language Learning

年龄与外语学习

Age has its advantage

年龄的优势


Some people think that the best time to begin studying a foreign language is in childhood and that the younger you are, the easier it is to learn another language. While it is true that an early start allows people to pursue language study over longer periods of time, there is little evidence that adults (people over age 15) in similar classroom situation. In fact, adults have many advantages over children: better memories, more efficient ways of organizing information, longer attention spans, better study habits, and greater ability to handle complex mental tasks. Adults are often better motivated than children; they see learning a foreign language as necessary for their education or career. In addition, adults are particularly sensitive to the correctness of grammar and appropriateness of vocabulary, two factors that receive great attention in most formal language classroom. 

有些人认为开始学习外语的最佳时间是在童年时期,并且学习得越早越容易掌握这门外语。千真万确的事实是及早接触外语允许人们有更多的时间去学习,然而几乎没有证据证明儿童在课堂上外语学习效果比类似情况下的成年人(超过15岁)好。事实上,成年人拥有许多儿童所没有的优势:记忆力更好,可以利用更有效的方式组织信息,持久的专注力,良好的学习习惯,和有更好解决复杂精神问题的能力。成年人通常比儿童更有动力,因为他们认为学习外语是有助于他们在教育或事业上获取成功的必要因素。另外,成年人对于语法的正确性和词汇的适当性特别敏感,因此,在大多数正式的语言课程上,语法和词汇受到绝大部分成年人的关注。


Age has its disadvantage

年龄的劣势


Adults usually want to learn a foreign language in a hurry, unlike children, who can devote many years to language mastery. Also, adults have complex communication needs that extend beyond the mere ability to carry on simple conversations. Adults need to be able to argue, persuade, express concern, object, explain, and present information about complex matters that pertain to their life, interests, work, or education. Because most adults do not like to appear foolish, they often deny themselves opportunities to practice for fear of making mistakes, of not getting their message across, or of appearing ridiculously incompetent. In addition, adults have more trouble than children in making new friends who speak the foreign language.

成年人对于学习外语往往急于求成,不像儿童,他们可以花很多年去学习。同时,成年人的需求不止于单纯掌握简单对话的能力而是延伸于掌握复杂对话的能力。成年人需要对来自于他们生活,兴趣,工作或是教育的复杂问题进行辩论,说服,表达关心,反对,解释及处理当下的信息。因为成年人不喜欢显露出自己的愚钝,他们因害怕出错,表达不清晰或是表现出可笑的无能力而常常拒绝可练习的机会。另外,成年人相较于儿童而言更难去结交讲外语的朋友。

分类: 英语
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