2014.06.12【英译中】GMAT REVIEW - 批判性思维 [01]

neilalien
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发表于:2014-06-12 20:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
GMAT REVIEW - Critical Reasoning
基麦特备考……批判性思维
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基麦特~是啥呢~其实是啥不重要,重要的是他是【基】麦特(被pia飞);(来自遥远星空的声音)他还有个好基友【基】二一~~~
以下皆出自基麦特official guide,由于排版的原因不包括句子作用题,一次两题发布。
虽然有所谓正确答案,但是本着批判性思维植根于反对意见的原则,欢迎各种吐槽~回复可见内容为参考答案与解释。
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

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1. Snowing machines work by spraying a mist that freezes immediately on contact with cold air. Because the sudden freezing kills bacteria, QuickFreeze is planning to market a wastewater purification system that works on the same principle. The process works only when temperatures are cold, however, so municipalities using it will still need to maintain a conventional system.
1. 造雪机通过喷洒遇冷空气立即冻结的水汽工作以喷的方式工作,喷雾遇到冷空气立即冻结。由于这样的急速冻结能杀菌,QuickFreeze公司正计划将依靠这种机制工作的污水净化系统推入市场。然而,这种机制只在低温下有效,所以使用这一新系统的城市将必须保留且维护传统系统。

Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest grounds for a prediction that municipalities will buy QuickFreeze's purification system despite the need to maintain a conventional purification system as well?
以下哪一项(若为真)最强烈地支持了预期——即使需要保留且维护传统净化系统,市当局也会购入QuickFreeze公司的净化系统?

(A) Bacteria are not the only impurities that must be removed from wastewater.
(A) 细菌不是唯一应该从污水中去除的杂质。
(B) Many municipalities have old wastewater purification systems that need to be replaced.
(B) 许多城市有需要替换的传统污水净化系统。
(C) Conventional wastewater purification systems can not be successful in killing bacteria at cold temperatures.
(C) 传统污水净化系统不能在低温下成功地杀菌。
(D) During times of warm weather, when it is not in use, QuickFreeze's purification system requires relatively little maintenance.
(D) 在天气温暖新系统不被使用时,QuickFreeze的系统只需相对较少的维护。
(E) Places where the winters are cold rarely have a problem of water shortage.
(E) 冬季寒冷的地区极少缺水。


2. Homeowners aged 40 to 50 are more likely to purchase ice cream and are more likely to purchase it in larger amounts than are members of any other demographic group. The popular belief that teenagers eat more ice cream than adults must, therefore, be false.
2. 40至50岁的房主相比其他任何年龄段的人更可能购买冰激凌且更可能大量购买。所以,十几岁的年轻人比成年人吃更多冰淇凌的流行观点肯定是错误的。

The argument is flawed primarily because the author
以上议论的缺陷主要是由于作者的什么失误导致?

(A) fails to distinguish between purchasing and consuming.
(A) 没有区分购买和食用。
(B) does not supply information about homeowners in age groups other than 40 to 50.
(B) 没有提供关于40至50之外年龄段的房主的信息。
(C) depends on popular belief rather than on documented research findings.
(C) 依据流行观点而不是依据文献上的研究发现。
(D) does not specify the precise amount of ice cream purchased by any demographic group.
(D) 没有明确说明任一年龄段购买的冰激凌的准确数量。
(E) discusses ice cream rather than more nutritious and healthful foods.
(E) 讨论冰激凌而不是更有营养且健康的食品。


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最后编辑于:2014-09-12 17:13
分类: 英语
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