2014.06.15 「英译中」你,语言学习者(三)

发表于:2014-06-15 13:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

What about a foreign accent?

那么外国口音呢?

One example usually given to support the notion of children's superiority as language learners is their ability to pick up an authentic accent. It is usually observed that children of immigrants learn to speak the language of their adopted country without an accent, whereas their parents rarely do. It is also observed that even adults with high need and motivation, such as diplomats, rarely learn a foreign language without retaining some of their native accent. In a sense, the same is true in sports; to learnwell the complex coordination of the hundreds of muscles needed to play tennis, swim, or figure skate, a person has to start young. Most champions begin trainning at an early age. There are examples of strong competitors who entered their sport after childhood, but they are the exception, not the rule. The same is true of adults who acquire native-like accents in a foreign language.

儿童的优势,轻而易举便能说得纯正口音的能力,作为最常见的例子去论证儿童是最佳的语言学习者。观察得出,在移民家庭中,孩子在学习移民国的语言时不会带有母语的口音,而他们的父母通常都带有口音。同样被观察到的还有,既使成年人有强烈的需求与动机,例如为了学历,他们中鲜少有不带口音的外语学习者。在某种意义上,相同的道理也适用于运动。运动员为了练好肌肉复杂协调能力,他们必须从小开始练习网球,游泳或者花样滑冰。大多数冠军运动员从小便开始训练。当然也有强大的选手过了童年时期才开始他们的运动员生涯,但他们是特例而不是规律。同样的道理适用于那些想获得本地人口音得成年外语学习者。


Taken together, the disadvantages of age are clearly offset by advantages. By properly combining positive traits and effective strategies, you can indeed master a foreign language - as lots of adults do.

总的来说,年龄的劣势可以被优势所弥补,可以通过将积极的特征与有效的策略有机结合,你就像其他的成年人一样真正掌握一门外语。


The best time to learn is now

最佳学习时间就是现在


The best time for you to learn a foreign language is when your need is clearest  and when you have sufficient time. If you are strongly motivated to study a foreign language and if you have the time to do it, the best time to begin is now.

对你而言,最佳的学习时机是当你已经清楚地知道自己的需求和你有充裕的时间。如果你已经有强烈的动力和充足的时间去学习外语,那么现在就开始。

分类: 英语
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