2014.6.17[英译中]1980年考研英语翻译英译汉第2题

yokuhama (雨月) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-06-17 22:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Between now and the end of the century, there will be many exciting developments and also many difficult problems to deal with. Perhaps the most urgent problem is to provide enough food. The world’s population is expected to reach 7,000 million by the year 2000, but already scientists have produced new and better varieties of wheat and rice and animal. They have also been experimenting with techniques of cultivating plants by using mixtures of chemical compounds and water only, and then there will be no need for ordinary soil. Another problem which the world will face is to get rid of refuse (废料). One solution is to burn refuse at very high temperatures in incinerators (焚化炉). A development of this, which may prove very useful in the future, is to use these incinerators to generate steam power. In fact, any new source of energy will be very welcome, as there is already a shortage of petroleum. To solve the energy problem, scientists will probably also try to make more use of solar energy.

从现在起到本世界末,将会有很多振奋人心的进步,同时也存在很多问题需要去解决。比如最棘手的让人们吃饱饭的问题。到2000年世界人口预计将达到70亿,但是科学家们已经培育出各种小麦、稻谷和牲畜的优良品种。他们已经着手进行单纯用化合物和水培育植物的技术,以后有望不需要普通的土壤了。另外一个全世界面临的难题是肥料处理。其中一个解决方案是使用高温焚化炉处理废料。这项技术的一个改进有望在未来派上大用场,就是用焚化炉去产生蒸汽动力。实际上,由于已经出现的石油短缺,任何新能源都将会非常受欢迎。


The possible effects of some scientific fields, such as lasers and cryogenics (低温学), are difficult to imagine and both already have a number of uses. The supercooling effects of the cryogenics which convert liquid helium (液态氦) and other gases into “superfluids” and metals into “superconductors”, making them non-resistant to electricity, could change the world in a number of ways. The laser, with its beam of strong light, can drill a hole in a diamond, and yet can be so well controlled that it can be used in delicate eye operations. The question is whether it will be most used for peaceful purposes or as a deadly weapon.

一些科学领域可能产生的效应将无法预计,比如已经用一定应用的激光和低温学。低温学的超低温效应可以将诸如液态氦等气体转为超流体,将金属编程超导体,从而使它们没有电阻,这可以再很多方面改变世界。激光以它的强烈光束在钻石上钻孔,同时可以很好的控制,可以应用在复杂的眼科手术上。激光最大的问题是它用于和平目的还是致命武器更为有用。


But perhaps the most emarkable developments will occur in space flight. One of the difficulties in the past has been the high cost, but now the space shuttle is being developed, and can be used a large number of times instead of only once. Already man has been to the moon. Perhaps by the end of the century he will have had a close-up view of Venus (金星) or Mars (火星).

但最引人注目的发展将会出现在宇宙飞行。以前它最大的问题是费用过于昂贵,但是现在航天飞机已经得到了发展,它可以使用很多次而不是一次性的。人类已经登上了月球,也许在本世纪末,我们将会对金星和火星有一个细致的观察。





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