2014.6.18 【英译中】087 美国印第安部落

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-18 14:30 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. 美国印第安部落
Answer:
• Cherokee 切罗基族
• Navajo 纳瓦霍族
• Sioux  苏族
• Chippewa 齐佩瓦族
• Choctaw 乔克托族
• Pueblo 普韦布洛族
• Apache 阿帕切族
• Iroquois 易洛魁族
• Creek 克里克族
• Blackfeet 黑脚族
• Seminole 米诺尔族
• Cheyenne 夏安族
• Arawak 阿拉瓦族
• Shawnee 肖尼族
• Mohegan 莫希干族
• Huron 休伦族
• Oneida 奥奈达族
• Lakota 拉科塔族
• Crow 克罗族
• Teton 提顿族
• Hopi 赫必族
• Inuit 因努伊特族


Explanation:
  The American Indians, also known as Native Americans, were the first people living in North America when the Europeans began to settle (or begin to live there). Although many people think about the American Indians as a homogenous group, or a group of all the same kinds of people, they were actually many smaller groups known as tribes. The tribes had different languages, customs (or ways of doing things), foods, and cultures. Some of them were very large and others were very small. Only a small fraction (or percentage or portion) of the original tribes still exist, because many of them were destroyed by the European settlers.
  美国印第安人,也叫美国土著,早在欧洲人在北美定居之前就生活在这片土地上了。尽管许多人把印第安人都看成是一类人,其实他们分为很多小的部落。每个部落都有自己的语言、传统、食物、文化。部落大小不一,如今幸存的原始部落只占很小一部分,大部分都被当时的欧洲移民屠杀了。
  Today, the U.S. government officially recognizes (or accepts and lists) 563 American Indian tribes. The Cherokee and the Navajo are the two biggest tribes. The Cherokees’ ancestral lands, or the land that belonged to their relatives many years ago, are in the area that is now the eastern and southeastern parts of the United States, especially where the states of Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina are today. But as the United States grew, most of the Cherokee were forced to relocate, or made to live in a new place even though they didn’t want to. The forced relocation is called the Trail of Tears because many Cherokee died while they were going to the new lands further west. Today, about 730,000 Cherokees live in the United States, mostly in the states of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas.
  目前被美国政府承认的印第安部落共有563个。切罗基族和纳瓦霍族是其中最大的两个。如今美国的东部和东南部都是切罗基族的祖传的土地,特别是乔治亚州、北卡罗来纳州和南卡罗来纳州的所在地。但随着美利坚合众国的扩张,大部分切罗基族人都不得不背井离乡,被迫进行大迁徙。这场迁徙被命名为“血泪之路”,因为大量切罗基族人在这次向西部的迁徙中丧生。如今大约还有73万切罗基族人住在美国,主要集中在俄克拉荷马州、新墨西哥州和德克萨斯州。
  The Navajo are the second-biggest tribe of American Indians, with almost 300,000 Navajos living in the United States today. Most of them live in Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico. In traditional Navajo society, only women could own animals and property (or buildings or land). When people were married, the man moved into the woman’s home and the daughters inherited all the animals and property, meaning that the daughters got those things when the mother died. The Navajo are famous silversmiths, making jewelry and other things out of silver, a metal that is valuable and gray in color. The Navajo are also famous for their weaving, making beautiful red blankets and rugs, which are small carpets or floor coverings.

  纳瓦霍族是美国第二大印第安部落,现有族人30万,大多分布在 亚利桑那州、犹他州和新墨西哥州。根据纳瓦霍族的传统,只有女人可以拥有自己的牲畜和财产。族人婚后,男人搬到女人家里,这家的女儿就可以继承所有的牲畜和财产了。纳瓦霍人是出了名的银匠,可以制作各种银饰器具,银是一种贵金属,呈灰色。纳瓦霍族同时也以编织闻名,他们会做漂亮的红毯和小地毯。

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