2014.6.18 【英译中】Where Did Gipsies Come From?(part 1)

bun5290 (凖) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-18 23:57 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Where Did Gypsies Come From?

吉普赛人从哪来?


You come across these people in many countries; they do not have a national territory or their own government. 

你在许多国家会遇到这些人;他们没有自己的国家和政府。

Legends describe their arrival from Egypt, but these are only fairytales. 

传说他们从埃及来,但这仅仅是传说。(没有“不”( ̄▽ ̄") 

Ignorant people in the west associate their origin with Eastern Europe, like Hungary and Romania. That's false, even if indeed large gypsy populations are to be found there (in Bulgaria they represent 15 % of the population, 10% in Hungary and 7 % in Romania).

忽略掉西方人通常认为的,他们起源于一些东欧国家,诸如匈牙利和罗马尼亚。那是错的,即使确实在这些国家能找到许多吉普赛人(在保加利亚他们占了15%的人口,在匈牙利占10%,在罗马尼亚占7%)。

Gypsies (or Romani, as they call themselves, the Gypsy word for "men") originated in northern India 1,000 years ago. Their language, called Romani, is undoubtedly related to Hindu and other Indian languages (named Indo-Aryan).

吉普赛人(或罗马尼人,他们的自称,在吉普赛语中代表“人”)起源于一千多年前的北印度。他们的语言,被称作罗马尼语,无疑与梵语和其他印度语种(如印度-伊朗语种)有关。

Nobody knows why they left India. Some say that their ancestors, artisans and artists, accompanied troops and after some military conflicts left India. By 1,300 AD they reached Europe, after passing through Persia and Turkey. 

没人知道他们为什么离开印度。有人说他们的祖先——技工和艺术家们——组成了军队并经历了一些军事冲突后(随同军队经历了一些军事冲突后离开了印度。在公元1300年他们穿越波斯和土耳其,抵达了欧洲。

In Spain, they are called gitanos, in Germany zigeuner, in Hungary cigany, in Romania tigani, in France gitanes, and many consider these terms as pejorative, but in fact this is the only way people can identify them; Romani is a new term. 

在西班牙,他们被称作gitanos,在德国被称作zigeuner(流浪者?),在匈牙利被称作cigany,在罗马尼亚是tigant,在法国是gitanes。许多人认为这些是蔑称,但事实上这是人们辨认他们的唯一方式,罗马尼人是个新术语。

Moreover, in Romania, confusion between this word and Romania/Romanian (coming from Rome, Roman) can be easily created. 

此外,在罗马尼亚,很容易产生对Romania和Romanian(来自Rome,Roman)这两个词的迷惑。(很容易对Romania和Romanian这两个词产生困惑。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:18
分类: 英语
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