2014.6.20 【英译中】088 美国最长的两条河流

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-20 14:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Answer:
• Missouri (River)
• Mississippi (River)
88. 美国最长的两条河流
密苏里河
密西西比河


Explanation:
  Before there were cars or very good railroads, which are special roads for trains, most transportation in the United States relied on (or used) rivers. Using boats on rivers was the fastest way to move people and goods (or products, like food, medicine, and tools) from one place to another. The United States has many long rivers that were used for transportation in those early days. This was especially true for the country’s longest river, the Missouri River, and its second-longest river, the Mississippi River.
  在还没有汽车和发达的铁路之前,美国主要是通过河流来运输的。对水路交通而言,船是最快的往返两地运送人和物资的工具。早期美国使用很多长河来运输。特别是美国最长的密苏里河和排名第二的密西西比河。
  The Missouri River played an important role (or part) in the exploration of the western United States. This exploration was an effort to try to learn what the land was like in the West. In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson asked Captain Meriwether Lewis to explore the Missouri River and find out whether it could be used to transport (or move) things across North America. At that time, no one knew where the Missouri River went, but everyone wanted to find a river that would move things from the east to the west.
  密苏里河对美国西部的勘探做出了巨大的贡献。这次勘探试图考察美国西部陆地。1803年,托马斯·杰弗逊总统委派梅里韦瑟·刘易斯船长远征,考察密苏里河是否可以胜任横贯美国的运输工作。那时,根本没人知道密苏里河通向何方,但人们迫切地想要一条可以从东往西输送物资的河流。
  Captain Meriwether Lewis chose a team of 33 people to go with him, including a partner, William Clark. Their journey (or long trip) became known as the Lewis and Clark expedition. It lasted from 1803 to 1806. It was a difficult and dangerous journey into uncharted (or unmapped and unknown) land. The men suffered from disease (or illnesses), hunger, cold weather, and fights against the Native Americans (or American Indians), but only one man died during the expedition. This is a testament to Lewis and Clark’s leadership, or a sign that their leadership was very good and strong.
  梅里韦瑟·刘易斯船长和威廉·克拉克搭档,挑选了一支33人的探险队。他们的这次旅程被命名为“刘易斯和克拉克远征”,从1803年开始到1806年结束。开发未知领土绝对是一件艰巨而危险的工作,这个团队历经疾病、饥饿、寒冷,还要防御美国土著的袭击,却奇迹般地只有一人死亡。事实证明,刘易斯和卡拉克是卓越的领导者。
  Lewis and Clark wrote about everything they did and saw in journals (or small books). They described many plant and animal species (or types of plants and animals) that no one had seen before. They discovered that the Missouri River did not go all the way to the Pacific Ocean, but they got there anyway. They established relationships with many Native American tribes (or groups). In general, the expedition was a major success and an important source of information for the United States at that time.

  刘易斯和克拉克在旅行日记中记录下了他们的所见所闻。他们详细记录从没见过的各类植物和动物。他们发现并不是所有的密苏里河支流都是通向太平洋的,不管怎样他们最终都到达了。他们和许多印第安部落建立了有好的关系。总体来说,这次远征对当时的美国来说是一次大胜利,搜集了很多重要信息。

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