2014.6.21 【英译中】Where Did Gipsies Come From?(part 3)

bun5290 (凖) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-21 15:01 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


In time, prejudices led to persecutions. Gypsies were expelled from some European countries (like Switzerland) while in other zones they were taken as slaves for centuries. Gypsy slavery was abolished in 1860 and many moved to Western Europe and Americas. Hitler managed to exterminate in his camps about 400,000 gypsies. 

在那个时代,歧视导致迫害。吉普赛人被从一些欧洲国家(如瑞士)驱离,与此同时,在其他地区他们被当作奴隶已有数百年之久。吉普赛奴隶在1860年被废除,许多吉普赛人搬去了西欧和美国。希特勒设法在他的地盘上消灭了400,000吉普赛人。

In Spain, the syncretism between the gypsy culture and the local one gave birth to flamenco music and dance, while in eastern Europe, they adapted the local folk music to their own style, and thus the famous "lautari" music from Romania and surrounding areas resulted, a musical genre that inspired Beethoven, Brahms, Dvorak, Haydn, Liszt, Mozart, Rahmaninov, Ravel, or Rossini. 
在西班牙,吉普赛文化和当地文化的汇合诞生了弗拉明戈的音乐和舞蹈,同时在东欧,他们将当地的民间音乐改编为他们自己的风格。这样,在罗马尼亚和周边地区产生的有名的“鲁达瑞”音乐流派就影响了贝多芬、德沃夏克、海顿、李斯特、莫扎特、拉赫曼尼诺夫、拉威尔和罗西尼。

You may not know, but here is a list of famous people with gypsy blood: Charlie Chaplin, Yul Brynner (actor), Rita Hayworth (actress), Pablo Picasso (painter), Django Reinhardt (jazz musician). 
你或许不知道,但这里有个关于有吉普赛血统的名人的名单:查理.卓别林、尤尔·伯连纳(演员)、丽塔.海华斯(演员)、巴勃罗.毕加索(画家)、强哥·莱恩哈特(爵士音乐家)【无视这名字的翻译。。。】

Today there may be even 5 million gypsies, most of them living in Europe. Very few are still nomads and many got rich, but in many areas, gypsies are still the lowest part of the society. Communism in eastern Europe changed and improved their life and health conditions; still it could not eliminate the prejudices of the gadje. The fall of the communism in 1990 only made worse their socio-economic life.

今天或许有5百万吉普赛人,大部分居住在欧洲。很少有吉普赛人还过着流浪的生活,许多都变得富有了。但在许多地区,吉普赛人始终是社会的底层。东欧的共产主义制度改变和改善了他们的生活和健康条件,但仍不能消除非吉普赛人的歧视。1990年共产主义的没落使得他们的社会-经济生活变得更糟。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:08
分类: 英语
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