2014.6.22【英译中】089 邻接美国西海岸线的是哪个洋?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-22 20:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?  
Answer:   
Pacific (Ocean) 
89 邻接美国西海岸线的是哪个洋?
太平洋

Explanation:   
  In the 1800s, most Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, or the idea that the United States was supposed to expand (or grow) across North America to reach from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. This was an important dream for the United States, but it took many, many years to accomplish (or to make it happen). 
  20世纪,多数美国人都相信命定扩张论,19世纪美国人普遍相信命定扩张论,认为上帝将整个北美洲都赐给了美国,从东部的大西洋到西部的太平洋。这是美国人的重要梦想,但花了很多很多年才实现。
  Traveling to the west coast was very difficult and dangerous in the 1800s. People couldn’t fly in a plane or drive a car, of course. Instead, they traveled in covered wagons, which were heavy, wooden boxes covered in white fabric that rode on wheels and were pulled by oxen, which are very strong cows. The trail (or road) that they traveled on was called the Oregon Trail. The journey (or long trip) covered more than 2,000 miles and took about five or six months. The Oregon Trail was mostly used between 1841 and 1869. People stopped using it once the first transcontinental railroad (or the road for trains that went across all of North America) was built, because it was easier, safer, and faster to travel by train. But today, if you visit western states, you can still see some of the Oregon Trail’s wheel ruts, or the deep marks in the ground that were made by the heavy wagons. 
  在19世纪去西海岸旅行是件艰苦且危险的工作。那时候还不能乘飞机、开车,只能乘坐蓬车,沉重的木箱子外覆盖着外色帆布,靠公牛拉着轮子移动。他们所走的这条路被称为俄勒冈之路。这次旅程总共2000多米,花费五到六个月才完成。这条路使用频率最高时是在1841年到1869年。当第一条横贯大陆的铁路开通后,人们有了更便捷、安全、更快的交通工具——火车,俄勒冈之路就被弃用了。如今,如果你到位于西部的一些州,仍然可以看到俄勒冈之路留下的痕迹,那些笨重的篷车压过地面的印记。
  Many of the people who set off (or began their journey) on the Oregon Trail never made it to Oregon. About one-tenth (or 10%) of the travelers died as they traveled toward the west. Some of the travelers who survived (or didn’t die) went to Oregon, but others stopped and settled (or began to build homes and live) in other states, like Utah. Many of the people who traveled on the Oregon Trail went to California to participate in the California Gold Rush, where they could find gold and make a lot of money by selling it. 

  开始俄勒冈之旅中的许多人都没有最终到达俄勒冈。大概只有10%的旅行者达到了西方。一些人顺利到达了俄勒冈,另一些在中途停了下来并在像犹他等州定居了。许多开始这条旅程的人后来都加入了加利福尼亚淘金热,企图用淘到的金子大赚一笔。

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