2014.06.25【英译中】英國标准:行车管制设备 - 号志灯头 (39句)

发表于:2014-06-25 15:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

(最近太忙,就只好拿最近翻译的国际标准来凑数了.....)


National foreword
国家标准前言
 
This British Standard is the official English language version of EN 12368:2006. It supersedes BS EN 12368:2000 which is withdrawn. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee EPL/526, Road traffic control signals, which has the responsibility to:
本英国标准系EN 12368:2006 的官方英语版本,用以取代遭撤销之BS EN 12368:2000。
道路行车管制号志技术委员会EPL/526,委托英国参与本欧洲标准之起草,并担负以下责任:
 
— aid enquirers to understand the text;
— 协助查询者了解文本。

— present to the responsible international/European committee any enquiries on the interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep UK interests informed;
— 向权责之国际/欧洲委员会提出任何诠释、变更计画书查询,以及随时向英国利益团体报告进展。

— monitor related international and European developments and promulgate them in the UK.
— 密切注意国际与欧洲相关的最新发展并于英国发布之。

 A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to its secretary.
代表此委员会的组织名单,可向其秘书处索取。
 
Cross-references
对照参考

The British Standards which implement international or European publications referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Catalogue under the section entitled “International Standards Correspondence Index”, or by using the “Search” facility of the BSI Electronic Catalogue or of British Standards Online .
实施本文参考之国际或欧洲出版品的英国标准,可于「国际标准对照索引」下的BSI 型录,或使用BSI Electronic Catalogue 或British Standards Online 的「搜寻」功能找出。

This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
本出版品非旨在纳入协议内的所有必要规定。使用者担负正确应用标准之责任。

Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.
符合英国标准并非代表可免除法律义务。

Traffic control equipment - Signal heads
行车管制设备-号志灯头
 

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 February 2006.
本欧洲标准于2006 年2 月27 日经CEN 核准。
 
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
CEN会员有义务遵循CEN/CENELEC内部规章。 CEN/CENELEC内部规章规定本欧洲标准不作任何更改,即享有国家标准地位的条件。与此类国家标准相关之最新清单与书目参考文献,可向CEN-CENELEC秘书处或任一CEN会员申请索取。
 
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions .
本欧洲标准提供三种官方版本(英文、法文、德文)。由CEN会员负责译成该国语言的版本,在通知CEN-CENELEC管理中心后,即享有与官方版本相等的地位。

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland , Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
CEN 会员系奥地利、比利时、塞普勒斯、捷克共和国、丹麦、爱沙尼亚、芬兰、法国、德国、希腊、匈牙利、冰岛、爱尔兰、义大利、拉脱维亚、立陶宛、卢森堡、马尔他、荷兰、挪威、波兰、葡萄牙、罗马尼亚、斯洛伐克、斯洛维尼亚共和国、西班牙、瑞典、瑞士及英国等的国家标准组织。

Foreword
前言
 
This European Standard (EN 12368:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 226 “Road equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
本欧洲标准(EN 12368:2006) 已由「道路设备」技术委员会CEN/TC 226起草,其秘书处隶属于AFNOR。
 
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2008.
本欧洲标准应最晚于2006年10月之前公布相同文字或背书,赋予其国家标准之地位,且与之冲突之国家标准最晚应于2008年1月撤销。
 
This European Standard supersedes EN 12368:2000.
本欧洲国家标准取代 EN 12368:2000。
 
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
根据CEN/CENELEC内部规章,以下国家的国家标准组织有义务实施本欧洲标准:奥地利、比利时、塞普勒斯、捷克共和国、丹麦、爱沙尼亚、芬兰、法国、德国、希腊、匈牙利、冰岛、爱尔兰、义大利、拉脱维亚、立陶宛、卢森堡、马尔他、荷兰、挪威、波兰、葡萄牙、罗马尼亚、斯洛伐克、斯洛维尼亚共和国、西班牙、瑞典、瑞士及英国。

Introduction
简介
 
Signal heads are mainly used to transfer safety messages to the road user to achieve specific reactions. Signal heads in road traffic transfer this information optically by signal lights which have a specific meaning and which differ in their colour of light and in the design of their illuminating surface.
号志灯头主要用于传达安全讯息给用路人,以达成特定反应动作。道路行车中的号志灯头采用具有特定意义、灯色与照明表面设计皆不同的号志灯,以光学的方式传达此项资讯。
 
The visibility of a signal light depends on the colour, luminous intensity, luminous intensity distribution, luminance and luminance uniformity, the surrounding luminance (background luminance), the size of the illuminating area of the signal light, the phantom light and the distance and angle between observer and signal head.
号志灯的可见度取决于色彩、光强度、光强度分布、照度与照度均匀度、环境照度(背景照度)、号志灯的照明面积大小、幻象光(Phantom Light),以及观察者与号志灯头之间的距离和角度。
 
Four angular distributions of luminous intensities for signal lights are specified. The user can choose between an extra wide, wide, medium and narrow beam signal to obtain a good recognition of the signal for short distances in urban areas, for long distances in rural areas. To achieve a good performance the standard provides a number of different performance levels and two different diameters for the roundels.
号志灯的四种光强度角分布将具体说明。使用者可从超宽、宽、中及窄光束中选择,使在都市地区近距离、乡村地区远距离能够清楚辨识号志灯。为达良好性能,本标准为圆形标志提供许多不同的性能等级和两种不同直径。
 
The optical performance of signal heads in use is a function of lens soiling, mirror soiling and a decrease of luminous flux from the lamp. To maintain the performance of the signal heads during service, it is important to ensure that after lamp replacement and cleaning of lens and mirror the light output is restored to as near 100 % as possible and never lower than 80 % of the declared specified performance(s).
使用之号志灯头的光学性能随着镜面脏污、反射镜脏污,以及灯具光通量降低而变动。为使号志灯头在使用期间维持性能,应尽可能确保在更换光源与清洁灯罩和反射镜后,光输出将还原到接近100% 的水准,且绝不低于宣称的80 % 规定性能。
 
This European Standard does not require limits for the recognition of red or green signals with reduced luminous intensities operating in a failure mode. These limits depend on the surrounding lights (on or off) and on the situation. However, for a simple rule a red signal is considered as failed if the luminous intensity in the reference axes is I ≤ 10 cd, and a green signal is considered as being in operation if the luminous intensity is I ≥ 0,05 cd.
本欧洲标准并未要求对在故障模式下操作、光强度下降的红、绿灯之辨识限制。这些限制取决于周遭的光源(亮起或熄灭)与情况。然而,简而言之,若参考轴中的光强度为≤ 10 cd,红色号志灯则视为失效;若光强度为≥ 0.05 cd,绿色号志灯则视为运作中。
 
The working environment for signal heads is relatively harsh and equipment that is deemed "fit for purpose" is expected to last in this exposed, corrosive environment for a minimum of 10 years. It is essential that all materials and manufacturing processes take this into account. The supplier should detail all steps taken to comply with this clause.
号志灯头的工作环境相当严苛,且视为「适得其用」的设备在此暴晒、腐蚀的环境中,预期将能至少使用10 年。所有材料与制程均须考量此因素,供应商应详述为符合此条文而采取的所有步骤。
 
For devices randomly selected from series production it is important that the requirements as to minimum luminous intensity of the light emitted are in each relevant direction of the minimum values prescribed.
自连续生产中随机抽选的设备,发光的最小光强度要求,应列于明订最小值的各相关指示中。

最后编辑于:2014-06-25 16:16
分类: 英语
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