2014.07.22【英译中】Biology II--- 1.1 How to define life

发表于:2014-07-22 16:34 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

1.1 How to define life

1.1 如何定义生命


Life on Earth takes on a staggering variety of forms, often functioning and behaving in ways strange to humans.

地球上的生物以各种各样的方式呈现,通常以不同与人类的方式做出行为并发挥功能。


For example, gastric-brooding frogs swallow their embryos and give birth to them later by throwing them up!

例如,胃育蛙先吞下他们的胚胎,之后以吐出的方式娩出!


Some species of puffballs, a type of fungus, are capable of producing trillions of spores when they reproduce.

一种叫做马勃菌的真菌,其一些品种在繁殖的时候可以产生几万一个孢子。


Fetal sand sharks kill and eat their siblings while still inside their mother.

双髻鲨胎儿还在母亲肚子里的时候就杀死并吃掉它们的同胞兄弟姐妹。


Some Ophrys orchids look so much like female bees that male bees try to mate with them.

一些蜂兰长得和雌蜂很相似以引来雄风和其交配。

 Octopuses and squid have remarkable problem-solving abilities despite a small brain.

章鱼和乌贼虽然脑袋很小,但却拥有惊人地解决问题的能力。


Some bacteria live their entire life in 15 minutes, while bristlecone pine trees outlive ten generations of humans.

一些细菌一生只有十五分钟,而狐尾松能活过人类的十代。


Simply put, from the deepest oceanic trenches to the upper reaches of the atmosphere, life is plentiful and diverse.

简而言之,从最深邃的海沟到大气层的最顶端,生命形式丰富而多样。



Figure 1.1 illustrates the major groups of living things, also called organisms. 

图1.1阐释了生物体(或言之有机体)的主要种群。


From left to right, bacteria are widely distributed, tiny, microscopic organisms with a very simple structure. 

从左到右来看,细菌只有非常简单的结构,呈散布、微小的纤维可见的生命体。


A Paramecium is an example of a microscopic protist. Protists are larger in size and more complex than bacteria.

草履虫则属于显微可见的原生生物。原生生物较细菌体积大,结构也更为复杂。


 The other organisms in Figure 1.1 are easily seen with the naked eye. They can be distinguished by how they get their food. 

图1.1中另一类生物肉眼容易看见。根据其摄食方式将其分类。


A morel is a fungus that digests its food externally. A sunflower is a photosynthetic plant that makes its own food, and a snow goose is an animal that ingests its food.

 羊肚菌是一种真菌,在体外消化食物;向日葵是光合植物,自己合成食物;而雪雁作为动物将食物摄入体内。


回顾: Biology I---A View of Life

以上内容仅供英语翻译学习交流使用,无任何商业目的,请勿转载!

最后编辑于:2014-09-05 21:30
分类: 英语
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