2014.7.23 【英译中】 医学英语科普文 复杂的人体—永不枯竭的奇迹之源(1)

发表于:2014-07-23 18:01 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The Human Complex—

A Never-failing Source of Wonderment

复杂的人体—永不枯竭的奇迹之源

“In my view,” wrote Thomas Jefferson in 1814,”no knowledge can be more satisfactory to a man than that of his own frame, its parts, their functions and actions.”  Distinguished thinkersbefore and since Jeffersonhave held this belief, but curiously,  it is not one that the average person wholeheartedly shares.

托马斯·杰弗森在1814年写道:“在我看来,对人类而言,没有什么知识会比他自己身体的结构,组成,功能和活动更令人满意了。”在杰弗森前后,各个著名思想家也持有相同的观点,但奇怪的是,并非所有人都心悦诚服地认可这一点。


Man’s attitude toward his own body-his single most precious possession- is decidedly ambivalent. At one and the same time he is fascinated by it and fearful of it, partly in echo of taboos, partly in the conviction that the body is too complicated to understand.

身体是人类独一无二、最为珍贵的财产,而人类对其矛盾的态度是却很明显的,即既着迷又恐惧,这部分源于古代的禁忌,部分则是因为人们坚信身体太过复杂难懂。


The possible approaches to a study of the body are legion. To cynic, the body is no more than a tenement of clay; to the poet, a palace of the soul; to the physician, an all-too-ailing hulk. The psychiatrist sees it as a housing for the mind and personality. The geneticist sees it as a perpetuator of its own kind. The biologist sees it as an organism which can alter the future as a result of the experience of the past.

可以用来探索身体的方式有很多种。愤世嫉俗者视之不过是泥土制成的陋室;诗人却视之为灵魂栖息的殿堂;在医生眼中,身体不过是脆弱的躯壳;在精神病学家眼中它却是思想和性格的居所;遗传学家认为它是能使原物种得以永生的载体;生物学家则认为它是能借由往昔之经验改变未来的有机体。


All the specialized scientific views of the body are valid. All, however, must start from the same premise:an awareness of the body’s basic structure and functions—its anatomy and physiology. And the bedrock principle of our present understanding of the body is that all living matter is composed of cells basically similar in structure and function.

所有关于身体的专业观点都可以认为是正确的。然而,他们都必须基于一个共同的前提:对于人体基本结构和功能的认识,包括解剖学和生理学。目前,我们对身体所了解的一个基本原理是:所有生物都由结构和功能基本相似的细胞组成。

分类: 英语
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