2014.07.27【英译中】将天赋与人生一齐抛纵:意大利画家卡拉瓦乔

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发表于:2014-07-27 22:10 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


《圣马太召唤》

《圣马太召唤》


Michelangelo Merisi (or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (29 September 1571? – 18 July? 1610) was an Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 (1595?) and 1610. 

米开朗基罗·梅里西(或阿梅里琪)·达·卡拉瓦乔(约1571年9月29日至1610年约7月18日)是一位意大利画家,他主要在1592年(或1595年)到1610年期间于罗马、拿波里、马尔他和西西里活动。

His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on Baroque painting.
他的画作结合了对人类身心状态现实主义式的观察和戏剧化的光线使用,对巴洛克绘画具有开创性的影响。

Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan under Simone Peterzano who had himself trained under Titian. 
卡拉瓦乔在米兰作为画师接受训练,师从提香的弟子西莫内·佩特查诺。

In his twenties Caravaggio moved to Rome where there was a demand for paintings to fill the many huge new churches and palazzos being built at the time. 
20多岁时卡拉瓦乔搬到了罗马,当时大量教堂和宫殿新修,画作供不应求。

It was also a period when the Church was searching for a stylistic alternative to Mannerism in religious art that was tasked to counter the threat of Protestantism.
与其同时,当时的教堂正在找寻矫饰主义之外的艺术风格用于宗教之上,以期与东正教带来的威胁抗衡。

Caravaggio's innovation was a radical naturalism that combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical, use of chiaroscuro which came to be known as tenebrism (the shift from light to dark with little intermediate value).
卡拉瓦乔开创了一种激进的自然主义风格,结合了对躯体细致的观察和戏剧化到舞台般的明暗光线法,这种表现方式后来被称作“暗色调主义”(使用极少的中间色调由亮部转换到暗部)。

He burst upon the Rome art scene in 1600 with the success of his first public commissions, the Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew. 
1600年,他第一批公共委托作品《圣马太受难》和《圣马太的召唤》大获成功,他就此在罗马艺术界横空出世。

Thereafter he never lacked commissions or patrons, yet he handled his success poorly. 
自此之后他再没缺过委托和资助人,但他将自己的成就搞砸了。

He was jailed on several occasions, vandalized his own apartment, and ultimately had a death warrant issued for him by the Pope.
他多次入狱,毁坏自己的住所,最终收到教皇签发的死刑执行令。

Famous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. 

卡拉瓦乔虽然生前显赫,死后几乎立即被遗忘,直到20世纪他对于西方艺术发展的重要性才重新被挖掘。



最后编辑于:2014-07-27 22:11
分类: 英语

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