2014.07.28【英译中】克里斯蒂娜•罗塞蒂《妖精集市》中的女权主义

星桨 (River) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-28 23:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Feminism in Christina Rossetti's Goblin Market
CAITLYNN LOWE
克里斯蒂娜•罗塞蒂《妖精集市》中的女权主义
凯特琳·劳威

The female influence was a strong factor in Christina Rossetti's life and likely had an impact on her as she wrote "Goblin Market."
女性的影响在克里斯娜•罗塞蒂的一生里至关重要,这种影响可能是在她写作《妖精集市》时显现了出来。

The bonds of sisterhood are powerful indeed. 
姐妹情谊理所当然很强大。

Sisters grow and learn together, often doing favors for one another such as sharing clothes, giving advice, being in each other's wedding, and braving goblin men to prevent one another's untimely death. 
姐妹们从小一起学习成长,常常会互相帮助,例如互穿对方的衣服,提些建议,参加彼此的婚礼,还有为了阻止对方死亡和妖精男人对抗。

The last is true, at least, of Laura and Lizzie from Christina Rossetti's "Goblin Market." 
这其中至少最后一项是真的,它来自克里斯蒂娜•罗塞蒂的《妖精集市》。

Lizzie rescues her sister from imminent destruction by bravely confronting the goblin men responsible for Laura's declining state. 
利兹勇敢地面对使劳拉日益憔悴的妖精男人们,并把她的姐妹从近在眼前的毁灭中拯救了出来。

What this action signifies for women--who are all "sisters" with one another, in some sense--might be more than initially meets the eye. 
这个行为的重要性对从某种程度上互为"姐妹"的女人来说,并不是仅仅是个适于阅读的故事而已。

Laura's poor decision in regard to the menacing goblin men and Lizzie's heroic actions in spite of them can easily be seen as instructions for women everywhere on how to react and not react to various male temptations.
劳拉在妖精们威胁之下的软弱的决定和利兹在同样情况下的英勇的行为,可以被看做世界各地对女性在面临多种男性诱惑时该做什么和不该做什么的指导。

The female influence was arguably a strong factor in Rossetti's own life. According to U. C. Knoepflmacher, Rossetti is well-known for her close relationships with her mother and sister. 
女性的影响可能是罗塞蒂个人生活里的一个重要因素。根据U. C. 诺普弗麦歇的研究,罗塞蒂与母亲和姐妹的亲近关系人所周知。

Her works were commonly dedicated to one or the other. While she did grow up with a father and two brothers, their influence was limited. 
她的作品通常献给母亲或者姐姐。虽然她是与父亲和两位兄长一同长大的,他们的影响却有限。

Her father died in 1850, when she was only 24 years old, and had already been deceased for 12 years when Goblin Market and Other Poems was published. 
她的父亲在1850年去世,当时她只有24岁,《妖精集市和其他诗篇》出版时她的父亲已经死去12年之久。

Her brothers' primary role in her later life seemed to be as representatives to publishers, whom Rossetti was unable to negotiate with personally due to the fact that women were not yet considered equals in the publishing industry of the time. 
在她后期的生活里,由于当时的出版业认为女性不是男性的对手,罗塞蒂无法亲自与出版方协商,于是两位兄长充当了出版商代表。

During her career, her only significant attachment to the male world was through the business of writing, working--through her brothers--with publishers such as John Ruskin, who turned her away, and Alexander Macmillan, who had a much more amiable attitude towards her poetry.

在她的事业中与男性世界唯一显著的联结即是通过兄长们代理来职业化地写作,合作对象包括约翰·拉斯金和亚历山大·麦克米兰这样的出版商。前者后来弃她而去,而后者则对她的作品抱有更亲切的态度。  



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