2014.07.26【英译中】饮酒对心脏健康没有益处

碎了翅膀 (donna) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-08-03 17:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

饮酒对心脏健康没有益处

Reducing the amount of alcoholic beverages consumed, even for light-to-moderate drinkers, may improve cardiovascular(心血管的) health, including a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, lower body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure, according to a new multi-center study published in The BMJ and co-led by the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

据一项新的在英国医学杂志发表的由宾夕法尼亚大学佩雷尔曼医学院牵头的多中心研究,减少酒精饮料的摄入量,即使是对轻度饮酒者来说,都可能改善心血管健康,包括减少冠心病危险,降低身高体重指数和血压.

 The latest findings call into question previous studies which suggest that consuming light-to-moderate amounts of alcohol (0.6-0.8 fluid ounces/day) may have a protective effect on cardiovascular health. The new research reviewed evidence from more than 50 studies that linked drinking habits and cardiovascular health for over 260,000 people. Researchers found that individuals who carry a specific gene which typically leads to lower alcohol consumption over time have, on average, superior cardiovascular health records. Specifically, the results show that individuals who consume 17 percent less alcohol per week have on average a 10 percent reduced risk of coronary heart disease, lower blood pressure and a lower Body Mass Index.

 最新的发现对以往的研究产生了质疑,曾经的的研究认为消费少剂量的酒精(每天0.6-0.8液盎司)能够保护心脑血管健康.新的研究评估了关于过260000人的饮酒习惯和心脑血管健康的关联的50多项研究.随着时间的延长饮酒量越低的个体就会携带一种特殊的基因,这些个体比平均人群具有更健康的心脑血管.特别需要指出的是,研究结果发现那些平均每周少消费百分之17的个体,会降低十个百分点的几率患心血管疾病,他们的血压和身体质量指数更低.

"These new results are critically important to our understanding of how alcohol affects heart disease. Contrary to what earlier reports have shown, it now appears that any exposure to alcohol has a negative impact upon heart health," says co-lead author Michael Holmes, MD, PhD, research assistant professor in the department of Transplant Surgery at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. "For some time, observational studies have suggested that only heavy drinking was detrimental to cardiovascular health, and that light consumption may actually be beneficial. This has led some people to drink moderately based on the belief that it would lower their risk of heart disease. However, what we're seeing with this new study, which uses an investigative approach similar to a randomized clinical trial, is that reduced consumption of alcohol, even for light-to-moderate drinkers, may lead to improved cardiovascular health."

 “这些新的研究结果对于我们理解究竟如何影响心脏疾病非常重要,与此前的研究报告相反,现在它显示了任何和酒精的接触都是对心脏有害的。”合作作者、医学博士、哲学博士兼并夕法尼亚大学的佩尔曼医学院外科和移植部的助理教授迈克赫司明说。“有段时间,观测研究认为只有重度饮酒不利于心血管健康,轻度饮酒是有好处的。在相信了适度饮酒能够降低心血管病危险的前提下,很多人在适度饮酒。然而,我们却同意新研究的发现,新的研究与随机临床测试相符,这项新研究是要降低酒精的摄入量,即使对轻中度饮酒者来说也一样,能够更有助于心血管健康。”

最后编辑于:2014-08-03 17:16
分类: 英语
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