2014.08.05【英译中】English Literature (1)

Z874033402 (小鱼) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-08-15 10:23 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

                                                                   English Literature (1)

                                                    Brief Introduction to the Renaissance Period 

  1. England’s inhabitants are Celts. And it is conquered by Romans, Anglo Saxons and Normans。
  1、英国的居民是凯尔特人,英国曾经被罗马人、盎格鲁.撒克逊人、诺曼人征服过. 

The Anglo-Saxons brought the Germanic language and culture to England, while Normans brought the Mediterranean 
盎格鲁.撒克逊人给英国带来了日耳曼语和文化,而诺曼人则带来了地中海文明,
civilization, including Greek culture, Rome law and the Christian religion. It is the cultural influence of these two 
conquests that provided the source for the rise and growth of English literature. 
包括希腊文化、罗马法律和基督教。英国文学的兴起和发展正是源自这两种文化的征服。
2. The old English literature extends from about 450 to 1066, the year of the Norman conquest of England. 
古英语文学的发展大约从450年到1066年,当时正值诺曼人征服英国的时候。
3. The old English poetry that has survived can be divided into two groups: The religious group and the secular 
one 

从英国诗歌出现就开始分流成了两个学派:宗教派和世俗派。
4. Beowulf: a typical example of Old English poetry is regarded as the national epic of the Anglo-Saxons. It is an 
example of the mingling of nature myths and heroic legends.  
贝奥武甫:典型的古英语诗歌,被认为是盎格鲁.撒克逊的民族史诗。它是自然神话和英雄传说的混合的典型作品。

5. After the Norman’s conquest, three languages co-existed in England. French is the official language that is 
   used by king and the Norman lords. Latin is the principal tongue of church affairs and in universities. Old English 
was spoken only by the common English people. 
 诺曼人征服英国之后,三种语言共存于英国。法语是被国王和诺曼贵族所用的官方语言。拉丁语是教会事务和大学的主要用语。普通的英国人民则用古英语交流。

6. In the second half of 14th century, English literature started to flourish with the appearance of writers like 
Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland, John Gower, and others 

14世纪后期,随着杰弗里·乔叟、威廉·朗格兰、约翰高尔和其他作家的出现,英国文学达到了繁盛时期。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:30
分类: 英语
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