2014.09.07【英译中】谁会在姓名游戏中获胜?(下)

发表于:2014-09-07 16:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
There are more variables at play than just pronunciation, though. In competitive fields that have classically been dominated by men, such as law and engineering, women with sexually ambiguous names tend to be more successful. This effect is known as the Portia Hypothesis (named for the heroine of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice who disguises herself as a lawyer’s apprentice and takes on the name Balthazar to save the titular merchant, Antonio). 
尽管比起单纯的发音还有其他很多变量起作用,但在法律、工程等一些以男性为主导的经典竞争性领域,拥有中性化名字的女性要更加成功。这种效应被称为鲍西亚假设(该假设是以莎士比亚剧作《威尼斯商人》中女主人公鲍西娅的名字命名。鲍西娅在剧中假扮成一位男律师,将安东尼奥从高利贷商人手中救下。)。

A study found that female lawyers with more masculine names—such as Barney, Dale, Leslie, Jan, and Rudell—tend to have better chances of winning judgeships than their more effeminately named female peers. All else being equal, changing a candidate’s name from Sue to Cameron tripled a candidate’s likelihood of becoming a judge; a change from Sue to Bruce quintupled it.

研究表明,比起名字偏女性化的同事们,名字更加男性化的女性——比如巴尼、戴尔、莱斯利、简、鲁戴尔——会有更好的机会来赢得法官地位。在其他条件相同的情况下,把候选人的名字从苏改为卡梅伦将使其成为法官的可能性增加3倍,而把苏改为布鲁斯则会变为5倍。


Names work hard: They can affect who gets into elite schools, what jobs we apply for, and who gets hired. Our names can even influence what cities we live in, who we befriend, and what products we buy since, we’re attracted to things and places that share similarities to our names.
姓名十分努力:他们可以影响谁能进入精英学校,我们能得到什么工作,以及谁会被录用。我们的名字甚至可以影响我们居住在哪所城市,与谁交朋友,买什么样的产品,我们会被与我们的名字同气相求的事物及地点所吸引。

A name is, after all, perhaps the most important identifier of a person. Most decisions are made in about three to four seconds of meeting someone, and this “thin-slicing” is surprisingly accurate. Something as packed full of clues as a name tends to lead to all sorts of assumptions and expectations about a person, often before any face-to-face interaction has taken place. 

毕竟,名字或许是一个人最重要的标签。最重要的决定往往下在见到某人的三四分钟内,而且这一“见微知著”的做法惊人地准确。通常,在面对面的互动之前,充满线索的名字就会引起人们对一个人的各种猜测与期待。



My name is 希肥,希望的希,减肥的肥……

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:32
分类: 英语

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