2014.09.08 【英译中】人物传记:本杰明·富兰克林

发表于:2014-09-08 13:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Benjamin Franklin: “The First American”

本杰明·富兰克林:“美国第一人”

 

How does one characterize Benjamin Franklin? Journalist, scientist, educator, politician, writer, administrator, philosopher--he truly seemed to be able to do almost everything. His accomplishments and the talents and interests which he displayed during the course of his long life--1706 to 1790--have caused him to be called both "the first American” and “the last universal man" .

如何描述本杰明·富兰克林这个人?记者、科学家、教育家、政治家、作家、管理者、哲学家——他差不多几乎能胜任任何职位。生于1706年,卒于1790年,他漫长的一生都展现出他的成就、天赋和兴趣,使他被誉为“美国第一人”和“宇宙终结者”

 

Historian Samuel Eliot Morison gives this view of the man: “Franklin’s secret, the thing that ‘made him tick’ and pulled every aspect of his mind together, was his love of peoples He talked with English and French statesmen as an equal; he was as homely and comfortable as an old shoe." Morison even speculated that if we had been alive in 1776 and had made a call upon Benjamin Franklin, he would have made us feel at homes. He would have asked about our parents, and probably would have known them, or at least about them ; he would then have asked us about ourselves, drawn us out, and sent us away with some good advice, a handshake, and a smile.

历史学家塞缪尔·艾略特·莫瑞森这样评价他:“富兰克林能够充分运用大脑、做事有条不紊的秘密在于,他对民族的热爱。他平等对待英国和法国的政治家,朴素而随和。”莫瑞森甚至推测,如果他能在1776年给本杰明·富兰克林打个电话,也许会有一种宾至如归的感觉。他可能会问及我们的父母,并且很可能认识他们,或者至少听说过他们;他还可能询问一些我们的境况,帮我们做分析,临走的时候与我们微笑握手并提供一些好建议。

 

Benjamin was one of 17 children, all of whom were expected to help support the large Franklin household. As a young child, he worked in the shop of his father, a soap and candlemaker, but this work did not appeal to a boy who loved to read and study. Therefore, when he was 12, Benjamin was sent to assist his half-brother James who had a printing shop. There, surrounded by books, young Ben would often stay up late into the night reading on a wide range of subjects; and as he read, he practiced improving his own style of writing.

本杰明家一共有17个孩子,家人期望他们都能帮这个庞大的富兰克林家族维持生计。本杰明还是个小孩子的时候就在他父亲的商店里做肥皂和蜡烛,但是对一个喜欢阅读和学习的孩子来说,这太枯燥了。所以在她十二岁的时候,家人把本杰明送到了他表哥詹姆斯的印刷店。群书环绕中,小本杰明广泛涉猎,常常熬到很晚。阅读的同时,他也练习改进自己的写作风格。

 

In 1721, James began publishing a newspaper, the New England Courant. Benjamin secretly wrote articles for the paper under the pen name of " Dame Silence Dogood", putting them under the door of the printing shop late at night so that his brother would not know the articles were his. They were full of humor and wise observations of life in Boston, Franklin's birthplace, and they immediately became popular with the public.

1972年,詹姆斯创办了新英格兰报。本杰明用笔名“想做好事的无名女士”偷偷给报纸投稿。为了不让他表哥发现,他在深夜把信件放在门下。这些文章中充满了他在出生地波斯顿幽默而智慧的观察,很快便深受大众欢迎。

字数统计:574(中字)


最后编辑于:2014-10-30 10:13
分类: 英语
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