2014.09.08 【英译中】人物传记:本杰明·富兰克林(2)

发表于:2014-09-09 00:02 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

 

   When James was jailed for criticizing the British authorities, young Benjamin took over the publishing of the paper. In defense of freedom of speech and the press, he courageously printed a quotation from a London newspaper: "Without freedom of thought, there can be no such thing as wisdom; and no such thing as public liberty without freedom of speech; which is the right of every man as far as by it if he does not hurt or control the right of another.”

在詹姆斯因批判英国官方而被捕入狱之后,年轻的本杰明接任了报社。为了维护报社和言论的自由,他大胆地引用了一份伦敦报纸的语句:“没有思想的自由,就不可能碰撞出智慧的火花;没有言论的自由,就不存在公民的自由,任何人只要没有借此伤害或控制他人的自由,都拥有这样的权力。”

 

After a quarrel with James, Benjamin left Boston to seek his own fortune. Failing to find work in New York City, the 17-year-old boy went on to Philadelphia where he found a job as a printer’s apprentice and soon had a wide circle of friends. Within a few years, Franklin had married, had started his own printing shop, and was looked upon as a successful businessman.

和詹姆斯大吵一架后,本杰明去波士顿开展自己的事业。这个17岁男孩在纽约没有找到工作,只好去费城做一个印刷工的学徒,并且很快就有了许多朋友。几年后,富兰克林结婚了,开了自己的印刷店,成为一个成功的商人。

 

In 1729, Franklin purchased the newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette. Besides the regular news, Franklin included his own articles and editorials alive with humor and wisdom; and soon the paper was the most widely read in all of colonial America.

1729年,富兰克林买下了宾夕法尼亚公报。除了常规的新闻,他还发表了自己诙谐而富有智慧的文章和社论。很快,这份报纸成为殖民时期全美国阅读量最大的刊物。

 

At the same time, Franklin involved himself in community projects. He founded, for example, the Junto, a discussion group that met weekly to debate the issues of the day. The Junto was active for 30 years and developed into the American Philosophical Society. He also founded the country's first subscription library and organized American's first fire-fighting and fire insurance companies. He helped to improve the local police force and to establish a hospital and a college which later became the University of Pennsylvania. He once said of his activities, “I would rather have it said, ' he lived useful ' than ' he died rich ' . . . "

同时,富兰克林也致力于许多社会活动。比如,他建立了一个讨论组叫秘密结社,组员们每周见面讨论当前时事。秘密结社活跃了30年之久,并发展成美国哲学社团。 他还建造了全国第一座会员图书馆,并成立了美国第一家消防和火险公司。他还协助改善当地警力,创办医院和日后的宾夕法尼亚大学。他曾这样说:“我宁愿被人评价为‘一个有用的人’,而不是‘一个有钱的人’。”

 

In 1732, Franklin began the publication of an almanac under the name Richard Saunders (an English astrologer) . He continued to publish it annually for about 25 years, and it came to be known as Poor Richard 's Almanac. As Franklin said in his autobiography: " I endeavored to make it both entertaining and useful... I considered it a proper vehicle for conveying instructions among the common people who bought scarcely any other books; I therefore filled all the spaces that occurred between the remarkable days in the calendar with proverbial sentences chiefly such as inculcated industry and frugality. ”

1732年,富兰克林开始用理查德·桑德(一个英国占卜师)这个名字出版一本年鉴,每年发表一本,一共发行了25年,被人们称为可怜的理查德年鉴。正如富兰克林在他的自传中所说:“我尽力让它既有趣又实用……考虑到它要能适宜地教导那些只看这类书的普通大众,我在日历中所有重要日子之间插入了关于勤俭节约的言语警句。

字数统计:611(汉字)

回顾:2014.09.08 【英译中】人物传记:本杰明·富兰克林



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