2014.09.19 【英译中】【补作业】 抑郁症(2)/712字

发表于:2014-09-29 16:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

中文 712,英文347

【抑郁症的症状】

Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms, such as: feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, loss of interest in former hobbies, significant weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or oversleeping, anger or irritability, self-loathing, concentration problems, unexplained aches and pains, and suicidal thoughts*.
每个人抑郁症的症状都不一样,但是也有一些共同的特征,比如感觉无依无助,没有希望,对以往的爱好失去兴趣,体重明显减少或增加,失眠或嗜睡,易怒,自我厌恶,注意力不集中,不明原因的疼痛及有自杀倾向等。


*Thoughts of death or suicide are a serious symptom of depression. Warning signs include talking about death or suicide, threatening to hurt people, or engaging in aggressive or risky behavior. Take any suicidal talk or behavior seriously. It's not just a warning sign; it's a cry for help.
有死亡或自杀的念头是严重的抑郁症症状。值得引起警惕的症状有谈论死亡或自杀,威胁伤害他人,或从事有攻击性或危险性的活动。要严肃对待任何有关自杀的谈话或行为。这不仅仅只是一个警报,而是他们求救的信号。




一些疾病能找到医学上的病因,因此可以对症下药。而抑郁症要复杂得多。
When speaking about his experience of depression, Zhu Yi said, "I visited loads of doctors and had numerous examinations, but none shed any light on my illness, until one day, a doctor suggested I see a psychologist. I scoffed at the idea at first, as I assumed myself to be too liberal and optimistic to develop any mental problems, and few events in recent years could have made me feel depressed. What's more, all my physical symptoms seemed to have little things to do with a psychological illness." He eventually went to see the psychologist and was confirmed to have depression.
朱熠在讲述他患抑郁症的经历时说:“我看了很多医生,做了大量的医学检查,但我的病情没有丝毫好转。直到有一天,一个医生建议我去看心理医生。起初,我觉得这个建议很可笑,因为我一直觉得自己是一个开朗乐观的人,不可能得什么精神疾病,而且那几年也没有发生什么让我感觉很沮丧的事情。更重要的是,我的症状都是生理上的症状,这跟心理上的疾病一点关系都没有。”?最终,他还是去看了心理医生并被诊断为抑郁症。


The psychologist asked him a lot of personal questions, and analyzed the cause of his depression as the heavy work load and pressure of his last job, which had lasted 3 years, and the resulting stress he hadn't released at the time that led to a final breakdown after he quit the job.
那个心理医生问了他很多个人问题,经过分析认为他抑郁症的诱因是他上一份工作的工作量与压力过大,工作的三年中一直未能及时调整与排解,在他辞职之后,积攒的压力爆发,最终导致了抑郁症。
In fact, depression is an extremely complex disease. It occurs for a variety of reasons. Experts believe that it is caused by a complicated combination of genetic, environmental, biological, psychological and social factors. Some people experience depression during a serious medical illness. Others may have depression with life changes such as a move or the death of a loved one. Still others have a family history of depression.
其实,抑郁症是一种非常复杂的疾病,病发原因多种多样。专家们认为诱发抑郁症的病因是一系列因素共同作用的结果,包括遗传因素,环境因素,生理因素,心理因素以及社会因素等。有些人是因为严重的疾病而引发的抑郁症,有些人则是因为生活中的重大变化比如搬家或亲人的离世,还有一些人则是因为有抑郁症的家族病史。


Sometimes, the exact cause of depression is untraceable and unidentifiable; so it swoops in when you don't expect it, and you can't even explain why it's happening.
有时候很难判定导致抑郁症的确切诱因,他可能会在最不希望的时候袭来,你甚至无法解释这一切是如何发生的。

最后编辑于:2014-11-03 14:47
分类: 英语
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