【抛弃死记硬背,初中生轻松自学新概念三】Lesson 1 A puma at large(逃遁的美洲狮)(1)

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发表于:2014-10-30 08:55 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

【抛弃死记硬背,初中生轻松自学新概念三】Lesson 1 A puma at large(逃遁的美洲狮)

 

我们的目标是用一个月的时间学习一课。

基本要求:在认识每一个单词的基础上熟读每一个句子。第一课有13个句子,也就是说,我们基本上可以用两天的时间学习一句。

特别提醒:千万不要在单词不都认不全的情况下就“瞎背”。

 

请先大概地读一读:

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.  However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar. 

The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening.  Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of 'cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from?  As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside. 

 

下面我们逐句学习。

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America

美洲狮一种体形似猫的大动物,产于美洲。

建议您先熟读简化的句子:

Pumas are large, cat-like animals 美洲狮一种体形似猫的大动物,

puma[5pju:mE]n.美洲狮(pum+a

源自西班牙语,-a是拉丁语表“阴性、单数”后缀

注:西班牙语、法语、意大利语、葡萄牙语、罗马尼亚语等都是拉丁语的后代,英语、德语、荷兰语属于日尔曼语。而拉丁语、古日尔曼语、古希腊语、梵语等都是已经消失的“原始印欧语”的后代。也就是说,英语和德语、荷兰语是亲兄弟,和法语、西班牙、葡萄牙语、意大利语等是堂兄弟。

 

【西班牙语】puma (f)  n. puma, cougar, species of large wild cat native to the Americas

【意大利语】puma (f)  n. puma, cougar

【韩语】퓨마 동물 a puma

建议您在英语puma的同时顺便认识一下“퓨마”,它是韩语中的puma的音译。

【日语】ピューマ  n1. puma; cougar; American lion

“ピューマ”是puma的音译

 

animal[5AnimEl]n.动物adj.野兽的肉体的(anim+al

anim源自拉丁语anima [灵魂,精神]

-al形容词后缀

【拉丁语】animaanima, animae n. f. soul, spirit, vital principle; life; breathing; wind, breeze; air (element);

注:-a表“阴性、单数”,-ae表“阴性、复数”。

【意大利语】animale [I.]s.m.(1) 动物(anim+al+e

Luomo è un animale ragionevole.人是一种有理智的动物。

【法语】animal [animal]n.m. 动物;,牲畜;蠢货,粗野的人 animal,e,aux

注:西班牙语、葡萄牙语中的相应单词和英语、法语一样,区别只在读音。

 

catlike[`kAtlaIk]adj.象猫的偷偷摸摸的

 

强烈建议您在认识单词的基础上熟读:

Pumas are large, cat-like animals

美洲狮一种体形似猫的大动物,

 

下面是一个定语从句,修饰名词animal

which are found in America.  产于美洲。(字面意思:在美洲被发现)

be found in 在某地到某地

found[faund]adj.find 的过去式和过去分词

注:ou[au],请复习sound, round, ground, around

 

America[E5merikE]n.<>美国美洲(包括北美和南美洲)amer+ic+a

-ic多数是形容词后缀,但有些单词中是名词后缀,相当于意大利语、西班牙语、葡萄牙语、德语中的-ik,法语中的-ique

【意大利语】America  America()

【西班牙语】América  n.pr.  美洲

【葡萄牙语】América  [C]  美洲,美国

【法语】Amérique  f.美洲f.亚美利加洲n. 美国(美洲Amér+ique

我相信,您只要能认识英语中的相应单词就基本上一点法语都不用学就可以大概认识它们:

七大洲:

L'Europe

L'Afrique

L'Amérique du Nord

L'Amérique du Sud

L'Antarctique

L'Asie

L'Océanie

四大洋:

L'océan Pacifique

L'océan Atlantique

L'océan Indien

L'océan Arctique

 

【德语】Amerika  [das] 美。美国。(amer+ik+a

 

联想记忆:

Africa[5AfrikE]n.非洲(afr+ic+a

【意大利语】Africa (f)  n. Africa, The Dark Continent, continent south of Europe

【西班牙语】Africa (f)  n. Africa, continent south of Europe

【葡萄牙语】África  [C]  非洲

【法语】Afrique  n. 非洲

【德语】Afrika  [das] 非洲。

提示:网上可以下到《21天免费精通新概念英语》软件。请在听懂、会读、会默写的基础上再“背”这个句子。如果不认识单词就绝对不要胡乱背课文。


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