2014.10.31【英译中】The English Reserved and Politeness(二)14句/240字

bavpcyy (瑶haruka) 译心译意
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发表于:2014-10-31 23:57 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Closely related to English reserve is English modesty. Within their hearts, the English are perhaps no less conceited than anybody else, but in their relations with others they value at least a show of modesty. Self-praise is felt to be ill-bred. If a person is, let us say, very good at tennis, and someone asks him if he is a good player, he will seldom reply "Yes," because people will think him conceited. He will probably give an answer like, "I'm not bad," or "Well, I'm very keen on tennis." This self-deprecation is typically English, and, mixed with their reserve, it often produces a sort of general air of indifference which appears to foreigners difficult to understand and even irritating.

另外一个与英国人的内敛比较相近的品质是谦逊。在英国人心中,他们比世界上其他民族的人都要自负的多,但是在与他们的交流中他们更多地表现的是谦逊的品质。一个人如果表现得比较自负,那么在他人眼里他会比较没有教养。假设一个人在我们看来网球打的比较好,如果有人问他网球打得好不好,很少能听到“我网球打的很好”的回答,因为这样会显得他比较自负。他可能会说,“我网球打的不差呀。”,“我非常喜欢打网球”。这种自谦就是典型的英国人性格,再混杂着一点内敛的性格,常常会使外国人误以为他们很冷漠,甚至会惹怒他们。

 

 


The famous English sense of humor is similar. Its starting point is self-deprecation, and its great enemy is conceit. Its ideal is the ability to laugh at oneself at one's own faults, one's own failures and embarrassments, even at one's own ideals. The criticism, "He has no sense of humor," is very commonly heard in Britain, where humor is so highly prized. A sense of humor is an attitude to life rather than the mere ability to laugh at jokes. This attitude is never cruel or disrespectful or malicious. The English do not laugh at a cripple or a madman, a tragedy or an honorable failure. Sympathy or admirations for artistic skill are felt to be stronger than laughter.

著名的英式幽默也很相似。英式幽默起于自谦,而自负便是它最大的敌人。最理想的英式幽默便是嘲笑别人,嘲笑某人的错误,他的失败或是尬尴的境地,甚至是他的理想。一句批评,“他没有幽默感”,时常能在英国听到,英国人非常注重幽默。在他们眼里幽默感是一种生活态度,而不只是听到笑话开心一下的能力。这种态度并不是残酷的,对他人不尊敬的,也不是带有恶意的。英国人从来不会去嘲笑一个跛脚的人,一个疯子,一个遭受悲剧的人,一个悲惨的失败。同情心和对艺术家的尊敬比这种幽默感来说显得更加重要。




最后编辑于:2014-11-01 00:08
分类: 英语
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