【早读社】历史的思考方式(2/2)14.09.17

tyltyllove (璐璐巴斯)
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发表于:2014-09-17 06:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

In addition to that there is the history of its manufacture: this particular nib is a 'Relief' nib, No. 314, made by R. Esterbrook and Co. in England, who supply the Midland Bank with pen-nibs, from whom I got it - a gift, I may say, but behind this nib there is the whole process of manufacture. In fact a pen nib implies universe, and the history of it implies its history. We may regard this way of looking at it - history as the time - aspect of all things: a pen-nib, the universe, the fiddled before me as I write, as a relative conception of history. There is, secondly, what we might call a substantive conception of history, what we usually mean by it, history proper as a subject of study in itself.
此外,还有制造过程的历史:我这支笔尖其实是英国艾斯塔布禒克(Esterbrook)厂牌314号凸版型产品,专门供应米特兰银行用品,我是从那儿取得的───或许应该说是银行的赠品。在这笔尖的北后有一连串的制造过程……。故此,这笔尖蕴含了一个宇宙,而它的历史也蕴含了它自身的历史。 我们可以把这种审视的方式看作──历史就是所有事务的时间之面貌:一支笔尖、宇宙、眼前我写作的领域……作为历史的相对观念。 其二,则为我们称作实质观念的历史,就是我们通常所说的,历史本身作为一个研究的科目。


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