《新概念英语》(第四册)第33课

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发表于:2014-11-28 22:11 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

《新概念英语》第四册第33课 Education 教育 


【英音课文朗读】 

 
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【美音课文朗读】 
 
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【课文】 
First listen and then answer the following question. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
Why is education democratic in bookless, tribal societies? 

Education is one of the key words of our time. A man without an education, many of us believe, is an unfortunate victim of adverse circumstances, deprived of one of the greatest twentieth-century opportunities. Convinced of the importance of education, modern states 'invest' in institutions of learning to get back 'interest' in the form of a large group of enlightened young men and women who are potential leaders. Education, with its cycles of instruction so carefully worked out, punctuated by textbooks -- those purchasable wells of wisdom-what would civilization be like without its benefits? 
So much is certain: that we would have doctors and preachers, lawyers and defendants, marriages and births -- but our spiritual outlook would be different. We would lay less stress on 'facts and figures' and more on a good memory, on applied psychology, and on the capacity of a man to get along with his fellow-citizens. If our educational system were fashioned after its bookless past we would have the most democratic form of 'college' imaginable. Among tribal people all knowledge inherited by tradition is shared by all; it is taught to every member of the tribe so that in this respect everybody is equally equipped for life. 
It is the ideal condition of the 'equal start' which only our most progressive forms of modern education try to regain. In primitive cultures the obligation to seek and to receive the traditional instruction isbinding to all. There are no 'illiterates' -- if the term can be applied to peoples without a script -- while our own compulsory school attendance became law in Germany in 1642, in France in 1806, and in England in 1876, and is still non-existent in a number of 'civilized' nations. This shows how long it was before we deemed it necessary to make sure that all our children could share in the knowledge accumulated by the 'happy few' during the past centuries. 
Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means. All are entitled to an equal start. There is none of the hurry which, in our society, often hampers the full development of a growing personality. There, a child grows up under the ever-present attention of his parent; therefore the jungles and the savannahs know of no 'juvenile delinquency'. No necessity of making a living away from home results in neglect of children, and no father is confronted with his inability to 'buy' an education for his child. 
JULIUS E. LIPS The Origin of Things 


【参考译文】 
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------
 

【New words and expressions 生词和短语】 
adverse adj. 不利的 
purchasable adj.可买到的 
preacher n. 传教士 
defendant n. 被告 
outlook n. 视野 
capacity n. 能力 
democratic adj. 民主的 
tribal n. 部落的 
tribe n. 部落 
illiterate n. 文盲 
compulsory adj. 义务的 
deem v. 认为 
means n. 方法,手段,财产,资力 
hamper v. 妨碍 
savannah n. 大草原 
juvenile adj. 青少年 
delinquency n. 犯罪 

【课文注释】 
1.adverse adj. 不利的, 逆向的, 有害的 
例句: The development was adverse to our interests. 

这种发展与我们的利益背道而驰。 


【词义辨析】 
opposite, contrary, adverse, reverse, converse这些形容词均含“相反的、对立的”之意。 
opposite: 指位置、方向、行动或想法等完全相反。 
contrary: 一般指与某种主张、看法或行为等正好相反,隐含否定一方并不意味着肯定另一方的意味。 
adverse: 通常指违害利益的、无生命的势力或条件等,侧重分歧。 
reverse: 指朝相反方向的或反面(背面)的。 
converse: 指在方向、行动或意见上相反的。 
2.deprive of 剥夺, 使失去 ... (权利) 
例句:What will a student do if he were deprived of his books? 
一个学生如果没有了书籍,将怎么办? 
deprive vt v. 剥夺, 失去, 免职 
例句: We have no right to deprive their life. 

我们没有权利去剥夺它们的生命。 


【词义辨析】 
rob, steal, plunder, deprive这些动词均含“偷,抢,夺”之意。 
rob: 最常用词,指用暴力恐吓或哄骗等非法手段抢夺财物。 
steal: 普通用词,指暗中行窃。 
plunder: 指大规模或大范围地掠夺。 
deprive: 多指夺去或扣留别人拥有或可能拥有的有价值或必需的东西,也可用于指抽象的事物。 
3.Education, with its cycles of instruction so carefully worked out, punctuated by textbooks 这句话中的主语Education与punctuated并不是一种主谓关系,因此,这句话在语法上被称作单元句。 
punctuate v. 
①加标点于 
例句:The children have not yet learned to punctuate correctly. 
这些小学生尚未学会正确使用标点符号 
②强调 
例句:He made gestures to punctuate his speech. 
他打手势来强调他的讲话。 
③不时打断 
例句:He punctuated his remarks with thumps on the table. 
他讲话时不时地捶着桌子。 
4.So much is certain[b] 有承上启下的作用,一方面回答了前一段的最后一句的提问,另一方面开始列举没有教育将会给社会文明带来的影响。 
5.[b]lay stress on
 强调(着重, 重视) 
例句:They lay too much stress on money. 
他们太看重金钱了。 
6.capacity n. 
①能力 
例句:He has a great capacity for learning languages. 
他学语言的能力很强。 
②容量, 容积 
例句:What is the capacity of this jug? 
这个水壶的容积多大? 
③职位, 资格 
例句:He participated in an unofficial capacity. 
他参与了一个非官方的职位。 
She alone was in a capacity to begin the negotiation. 

只有她有资格开始谈判。 


【词义辨析】 
ability, capacity, capability, genius, talent, competence, faculty, gift, aptitude 这些名词均可表示人的“能力,才能”之意。 
ability: 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。 
capacity: 侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力。 
capability: 多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有、尚未发挥的潜在能力。常与of或for连用。 
genius: 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。 
talent: 着重指人某方面具有可发展和培养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。 
competence: 正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求。 
faculty: 指特殊的才能或智力。 
gift: 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。 
aptitude: 多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学术训练或艺术技巧。 
7.be fashioned after 按......做成 
例句:Her new dress was fashioned after a latest style. 
她的新衣服是根据一种最新款式制作的。 
8.bind v. 
①约束,强迫 
例句:I am bound by my promise. 
我必须遵守自己的诺言。 
The treaty binds each country to reduce pollution levels. 
该条约迫使各国减少污染排放。 

②捆绑

 例句:She bound her hair with a handkerchief. 

她用手绢把头发扎了起来。 
This hint was hard enough to bind my hands. 
这个暗示已经够使我束手无策了。 
9.without a script 没有文字的 

10.deem v. 认为

 例句:They were deemed to be illegal immigrants. 

他们被认为是不法移民。 
They deemed that he was no longer capable of managing the business. 
他们认为他没有能力再继续管理这个公司了。 
11.be entitled to 有权, 有资格 
例句:You are entitled to a free lunch. 
你们有资格享用免费午餐一次。 
You may be entitled to reclaim some of the tax you paid last year. 
你或许有权要求退回去年你交付的部分税金。 
12.hamper vt. 妨碍, 阻止 
例句:Our progress was hampered by the bad weather. 
我们前进时受到了恶劣天气的阻碍。 
13.juvenile delinquency 青少年犯罪 


【作业时间】 
1. 我们为大家提供了两种主流英语发音的音频,请大家下载自己喜欢的一种,放到MP3里反复听!(刚开始练习英语听力和口语最好选定一种学习,不要英音美音混淆哦!) 
*注:[按部就班 攻克英魔]学习团成员及自主学习团成员 必须在本帖提交朗读音频哦!

2. 背诵、并默写今天的课文。实在没有时间的同学就抄写一遍吧。(论坛互动学习本期推出在线录音,希望大家多多开口,我会帮大家做点评,可能偶尔会稍有点儿晚,还请见谅哈) 

3. 用今天学到的单词或句型造句一个。 
adverse 
be fashioned after 
deem 
be entitled to 
最后编辑于:2014-11-28 22:11
分类: 语法词汇
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