圣诞节知识大测试

发表于:2014-12-01 16:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

       圣诞快到了!虽然在国内现在也有很多人过圣诞,但对这个血统正派的西洋节日你真正了解吗?快通过我们的十个问题来测一测你对圣诞节知多少吧!




1. 圣诞节的来历是什么?

In Christianity, Christmas is the festival celebrating the Nativity of Jesus, the Christian belief that the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament's Messianic prophecies was born to the Virgin Mary。

在基督教的传统中,圣诞节是为庆祝基督耶稣降生的节日。基督教徒相信,弥赛亚告知圣母玛利亚孕育了上帝的儿子耶稣。


2. 传统的圣诞习俗有哪些?

Even in countries where there is a strong Christian tradition,Christmas celebrations can vary markedly from country to country.Formany Christians, a religious service plays an important part in therecognition of the season. Secular processions,featuring Santa Claus and other seasonal figures are often held. Familyreunions and the exchange of gifts are a widespread feature of theseason。

圣诞习俗国与国之间非常不同。对基督教徒来说,在圣诞节举行相应的宗教仪式必不可少。世俗的传统,通常包含圣诞老人和其他节日特征。家庭会在这一天团聚、互换礼物。


3. 各国的圣诞大餐都吃啥?

A special Christmas family meal is an important part of the celebrationfor many, but what is actually served can vary greatly from country tocountry. In England, and countries influenced by its traditions, a standard

Christmas meal would include turkey, potatoes, vegetables, sausages andgravy, followed by Christmas pudding or mince pies. In Poland and otherparts of eastern Europe and Scandinavia, fish often provides thetraditional main course, but richer meat such as lamb is increasinglyserved. Ham is the main meal in the Philippines, while in Germany,France and Austria, goose and pork are favored. Beef, ham and chickenin various recipes are popular throughout the world。

和习俗一样,各国的圣诞大餐也有差别。在英国,和英语文化圈,标准的圣诞大餐通常包括火鸡、土豆、蔬菜、香肠和肉汁,以圣诞布丁或碎肉派结尾;在波兰等东欧国家、包括斯堪的纳维亚半岛,鱼是圣诞餐的主菜,不过近年来类似羊肉的红肉也越来越盛行;火腿是菲律宾的主菜;在德国、法国和澳洲,鹅和猪肉是人们喜爱的菜肴;另外的,牛肉、火腿和鸡肉的菜肴在全球的圣诞菜单上都很流行。


4. 圣诞的传统装饰都有哪些?

Since the 19th century, the poinsettia, a native plant from Mexico,has been associated with Christmas. Other popular holiday plantsinclude holly, mistletoe, red amaryllis, and Christmas cactus. Along with a Christmas tree, the interior of a home may be decorated with these plants, along with garlands andevergreen foliage.In Australia, North and South America, and Europe, itis traditional to decorate the outside of houses with lights andsometimes with illuminated sleighs,snowmen, and other Christmas figures. The traditional colors ofChristmas are pine green (evergreen), snow white, and heart red。

自19世纪开始,一品红,一种原产于墨西哥的植物就和圣诞节联系起来。其他流行的圣诞装饰植物还包括冬青树、懈寄生、红色宫人草和蟹爪兰。它们和圣诞树、花环、绿叶一起用以装饰房间。在澳洲、南北美和欧洲,还有用灯泡、发光的雪橇、雪人和其他圣诞人物装饰屋子外部的传统。圣诞节最传统的装饰颜色是青色、雪白和大红。


5. 圣诞赞歌是怎么产生的?

In the thirteenth century, in France, Germany, and particularly, Italy,a strong tradition of popular Christmas songs in the native languagedeveloped. Christmas carols in English first appear in 1426. Thesongs we know specifically as carols were originally communal songs sung during celebrations like harvest tide as well as Christmas。

13世纪,法国德国、特别是在意大利,用当地语言写成的圣诞歌开始流行起来。第一首英语的圣诞赞歌写于1426年。现在为我们所熟知的那些圣诞赞歌应该是和丰收节的传统差不多同时起源的。


6. 圣诞节一定要寄卡片吗?

Christmas cards are usually exchanged during the weeks preceding.Christmas Day on December 25 by many people (including non-Christians)in Western society and in Asia. The traditional greeting reads "wishingyou a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year", much like the first commercial Christmas card, produced by Sir Henry Cole in London 1843.

在西方社会,圣诞节互寄卡片是传统习俗之一。历史上的第一张商业圣诞卡片起源于1843年的伦敦。(为保护环境还是建议大家寄电子卡片哟!)


7. 有圣诞卡片就要有圣诞邮票吗?

A number of nations have issued commemorative stamps at Christmastime. Postal customers will often use these stamps to mail Christmas cards, and they are popular with philatelists. Thesestamps are usually printed in considerable quantities。

没错啊,很多国家在圣诞的时候都会发行纪念邮票。人们也经常用这些圣诞邮票来寄他们的圣诞卡片,这些邮票通常质量都很好,常被收藏做集邮。


8. 圣诞老人原名是什么?

The most famous and pervasive of these figures in modern celebration worldwide is Santa Claus, a mythical giftbringer, dressed in red, whose origins have disputed sources. SantaClaus is a corruption of the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means simply Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was Bishop of Myra (in modern day Turkey) inthe fourth century. Among other saintly attributes, he was noted forthe care of Children, generosity, and the giving of gifts。

全球最知名的圣诞人物恐怕就是圣诞老人了,他老人家带礼物、穿红衫,广受小盆友欢迎。他的英文名SantaClaus是德语Sinterklaas的误传,而Sinterklaas的直译就是“圣塔尼古拉斯”了。尼古拉斯先生是14世纪玛拉国(今土耳其)的主教,他非常关心孩子,慷慨大方、乐施礼物。后成为圣诞老人的原型。


9. 小圣诞(Little Christmas)是什么节日

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