《新概念英语》(第四册)第37课

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发表于:2014-12-01 22:13 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

《新概念英语》第四册第37课 The process of ageing 衰老过程 


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【课文】 
First listen and then answer the following question. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
What is one of the most unpleasant discoveries we make about ourselves as we get older? 

At the age of twelve years, the human body is at its most vigorous. It has yet to reach its full size and strength, and its owner his or her full intelligence; but at this age the likelihood of death is least. Earlier, we were infants and young children, and consequently more vulnerable; later, we shall undergo a progressive loss of our vigour and resistance which, though imperceptible at first, will finally become sosteep that we can live no longer, however well we look after ourselves, and however well society, and our doctors, look after us. This decline in vigour with the passing of time is called ageingIt is one of the most unpleasant discoveries which we all make that we must decline in this way, that if we escape wars, accidents and disease we shall eventually 'die of old age', and that this happens at a rate which differs little from person to person, so that there are heavy odds in favour of our dying between the ages of sixty-five and eighty. Some of us will die sooner, a few will live longer -- on into a ninth or tenth decade. But the chances are against it, and there is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, however lucky and robust we are. 
Normal people tend to forget this process unless and until they are reminded of it. We are so familiar with the fact that man ages, that people have for years assumed that the process of losing vigour with time, of becoming more likely to die the older we get, was something self-evident, like the cooling of a hot kettle or the wearing-out of a pair of shoes. They have also assumed that all animals, and probably other organisms such as trees, or even the universe itself, must in the nature of things 'wear out'. Most animals we commonly observe do in fact age as we do, if given the chance to live long enough; and mechanical systems like a wound watch, or the sun, do in fact run out of energy in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics (whether the whole universe does so is a moot point at present). But these are not analogous to what happens when man ages. A run-down watch is still a watch and can be rewound. An old watch, by contrast, becomes so worn and unreliable that it eventually is not worth mending. But a watch could never repair itself -- it does not consist of living parts, only of metal, which wears away by friction. We could, at one time, repair ourselves --well enough, at least, to overcome all but the most instantly fatal illnesses and accidents. Between twelve and eighty years we gradually lose this power; an illness which at twelve would knock us over, at eighty can knock us out, and into our grave. If we could stay as vigorous as we are at twelve , it would take about 700 years for half of us to die, and another 700 for the survivors to be reduced by half again. 
ALEX COMFORT The process of ageing 

【参考译文】 
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


【New words and expressions 生词和短语】 
likelihood n. 可能性 
infant n. 婴儿 
vulnerable adj. 脆弱 
imperceptible adj. 感觉不到的 
steep adj. 急转直下 
ageing n. 老化 
odds n. 可能性 
virtual adj. 实际上的 
robust adj. 强健的 
organism n. 有机体 
thermodynamics n. 热力学 
moot adj. 争论未决的 
run-down adj. 破旧的 
friction n. 摩擦 

【课文注释】 
1.at its most vigorous 生命最旺盛的时候 
2.likelihood n.可能性 
例句:There is no likelihood of his succeeding. 
他没有成功的可能性。 
The likelihood for peace in the Middle East remains questionable. 
中东和平的可能性仍让人怀疑。 
3.imperceptible adj.感觉不到的 
例句:The difference between the two colors is imperceptible. 
这两种颜色之间的差别很难区别。
There is an imperceptible change in temperature. 
温度有细微的变化。 
4.steep adj. 险峻的, 陡峭的, 急转直下的 
例句:This hill is too steep to ride up on a bicycle. 

这山太陡了,骑自行车可上不去。 


【词义辨析】 
点击查看大图steep, abrupt, sheer 这些形容词均含“陡峭的,险峻的”之意。 
steep : 指坡度向上逐渐增加的斜陡坡,强调险峻,暗示难于攀登。 
abrupt : 着重指地形突然起伏,形成尖角状。 
sheer : 指自始至终近于垂直的陡峭,不仅仅很难爬上去,甚至于不可能攀登。 
5.with the passing of time 随着时间的流逝 
6.ageing n. 老化 
例句:Ageing of the population continued. 
人口持续老化。 
An ageing nuclear reactor is an accident waiting to happen. 
老化的核反应堆早晚会出事故。 
7.It is one of the most unpleasant discoveries ...that...that...and that... 
,三个以that引导的从句是discoveries的同位语。 
8.robust adj. 
①强健的 
例句:She was almost 90, but still very robust. 
她将近90岁了,但身体仍然十分强健。 
②稳固的 
例句:But I can say for sure that our monetary system is robust. 
但是,我可以很肯定地讲,我们的货币体系是稳固。 
③ 耐用的 
例句:He bought a robust metal cabinet for his new house. 
他为新家购置了一个坚固耐用的金属柜。 
④粗野的 
例句:He is a man with a rather robust sense of humor. 
他具备颇为粗俗的幽默感。 
⑤浓的 
例句:I would like a cup of robust tea to refresh myself. 

我要来一杯浓茶以恢复精力。 


【词形变化】 
点击查看大图adv. robustly
点击查看大图n. robustness 
9.a wound watch 上紧了发条的表 
10.in accordance with 按照 
例句:Do you always act in accordance with your convictions? 
你是否一贯地本着你的信念行事? 
11.run-down adj. 破旧的, 精疲力尽的, 耗尽的 
例句:I bought a run-down farm house and plan to fix it up. 
我买了一间破败的农舍,打算整修整修。 
We're completely run-down and need a thorough rest. 
我们精疲力尽了,需要彻底休息。 
12.knock over 
例句: No sooner have Jesus knock over the dragon of superstition than Paul boldly set 
it on its leg again in the name of Jesus. 
耶稣一打倒了“迷信”这魔鬼之后,保罗却又大胆地以耶稣的名义把它扶起来 
了。 
13..knock out 
①敲出 
例句:I heard him knock out his pipe on the mantelpiece. 
我听到他在壁炉上敲出烟灰的声音。 
②击倒 
例句:The brick connected on her head, knocking her out. 
砖击中了她的头部并把她击倒了。 
③打落 
例句:He smiled, and his smile revealed the loss of two front teeth, knocked out by the 
butt-end of a gun at Ismail. 
上尉答道,他的鼻子涨红了,面露微笑,微笑时张开他在伊兹梅尔城下被枪托打落两 
颗门牙的缺口。 
④打昏 
例句:The pit-prop fell on his head and knocked him out. 
坑木掉在他头上,把他打昏过去。 

【作业时间】 
1. 我们为大家提供了两种主流英语发音的音频,请大家下载自己喜欢的一种,放到MP3里反复听!(刚开始练习英语听力和口语最好选定一种学习,不要英音美音混淆哦!) 
*注:[按部就班 攻克英魔]学习团成员及自主学习团成员 必须在本帖提交朗读音频哦!

2. 背诵、并默写今天的课文。实在没有时间的同学就抄写一遍吧。(论坛互动学习本期推出在线录音,希望大家多多开口,我会帮大家做点评,可能偶尔会稍有点儿晚,还请见谅哈) 

3. 用今天学到的单词或句型造句一个。 
imperceptible 
steep 
robust 
in accordance with
分类: 语法词汇
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