【英语·欧美文化】The history of Thanksgiving Day

发表于:2014-12-02 10:46 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

                         


感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)是美国和加拿大的节日,原意是为了感谢上天赐予的好收成。在美国,自1941年起,感恩节定在每年11月的第四个星期四,并从这一天起休假两天;加拿大的感恩节则起始于1879年,定在每年10月的第二个星期一,与美国的哥伦布日相同。

每逢感恩节这一天,美国举国上下热闹非常,基督徒按照习俗前往教堂做感恩祈祷,城乡市镇到处都有化装游行、戏剧表演或体育比赛等。分别了一年的亲人们也会从天南海北回家团聚,品尝以火鸡为主的感恩节美食。

【阅读小贴士】Thanksgiving   celebrated   harvest

Thanksgiving day(n.感恩节) is celebrated mainly in America and Canada. Much like the annualharvest (n.收获)festivals(n.节日) celebrated in other countries throughout the world, Thanksgiving Day was meant to(意味)  pay our homage( n.敬意)to the Almighty(n.全能的神) for this bountiful(adj.丰富的)harvest. While the purpose and origin of the concept remains the same, the day of its celebration differs from country to country. In the United States, the holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November while in Canada (which has an early harvest cycle and season), the holiday is observed(v.庆祝) on the second Monday in October, known as the Columbus Day(哥伦布发现美洲纪念日). Much like the Christian(n.基督教的)Thanksgiving day, it is celebrated with pomp (n.盛大的仪式)and show.

Since 1930, the end of Thanksgiving season marks the beginning of Christmas shopping season. InCanada, Thanksgiving holiday lasts for only three days but the time period may vary in theUS. Let's have a look at the brief history of Thanksgiving in North America,U.S.andCanada:


In North America: Thanksgiving Day was first celebrated on September 8,1565 inSt. Augustinewhen Pedro Menendez de Aviles and his men shared a feast with the natives. After that Pilgrims held a three days feast to make merriment on their enormous harvest.

In United States: The immigrants(n.移民) who sailed to this country aboard the Mayflower were basically members of the English Separatist Church (a Puritan sect). They took shelter in Netherlands but soon were disgusted by their lifestyle. They settled inUnited Stateswith a desire for a better lifestyle. But their beginning was horrendous. The climate(n.气候) was unfavorable and many of them died. But in 1621 they hard turmoil bore fruits for them as there was a huge harvest. They celebrated it with a feast with 91 Indians who had helped them during their harsh times(艰困的时刻).

Thanksgiving was celebrated after that at irregular intervals until Franklin Roosevelt, had set it one week to the next-to-last Thursday of November in order keeping an eye on commercial benefits as Christmas was nearby. Allegations were brought against this decision, which made the President to move Thanksgiving back to its original date two years later. And in 1941, Thanksgiving was finally sanctioned by Congress as a legal holiday, as the fourth Thursday in November.

In Canada: Probably the Americans who migrated to Canada after American Independence brought with them the practices of Thanksgiving. Initially it was celebrated in English Canadian Society but later it became a countrywide practice. Formally, Canadian Thanksgiving Day was celebrated on April 5, 1872 on behalf of the Prince of Wales' recovery from illness. Innumerable transformations took place before the date of celebration finally settled on the second Monday in October in 1957.

 

 

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