2014.12.03【英译中】糖会引发抑郁焦虑(1)

发表于:2014-12-03 18:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Sugar can trigger depression, anxiety and stress

糖会引发抑郁焦虑


According to new research, too much sugar doesn't just lead to weight gain, but also depression, anxiety and stress.

根据最新研究,吃太多的糖不仅会导致体重增长,还会导致抑郁、焦虑和压力。

Eating a diet high in fructose as a teenager makes depression and anxiety worse, scientists found.

科学家发现,高果糖的饮食会加重青少年抑郁和焦虑。

It also alters how the brain response to stress, they said.

他们说,高糖饮食还会改变大脑的应激反应。

Fructose is a sugar found naturally in fruits and vegetables but is also added to processed foods and drinks - from biscuits to ice cream.

蔬菜和水果中含有天然果糖,但是果糖也会被添加在像饼干和冰淇淋这样的食物和饮料中。

Scientists have found fructose appears to be linked to serious modern epidemics such as cancers, heart disease, hypertension, kidney damage, type 2 diabetes and even dementia.

科学家们发现果糖似乎与严重的流行病有关,像癌症、心脏病、高血压、肾功能损伤、2型糖尿病甚至是老年痴呆。

But now researchers say it also stimulates pathways in the brain that affect how it responds to stress, which have important effects for behaviour.

但是目前研究人员说它还可以通过刺激大脑中的神经通路来影响应激反应,从而对人的行为产生重要影响。

It can worsen the symptoms related to depression and anxiety, they said.

他们说果糖会加重焦虑和抑郁的症状。

These effects are particularly concerning during the teenage years, when a person's stress response develops.

这些对青少年时期这段人类应激反应发展时期影响更胜。

If the body's stress response becomes too sensitive, teenagers risk growing up susceptible to high levels of stress.

如果机体的应激反应太敏感,青少年成长中有受高压危害的风险。

Prolonged exposure to stress can raise blood pressure, suppress the immune system, increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, contribute to infertility, and speed up the aging process.

长期处于高压环境中,会有血压升高、免疫力下降、增加心脏病和中风的风险、还会导致不育并加速衰老。

(11句)       
最后编辑于:2014-12-07 19:13
分类: 英语
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