【英语•英美文化】万圣节?万圣夜?傻傻分不清楚。。。

youngsheep1 (小羊羊) 核心会员
56 3 2
发表于:2014-12-04 15:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Halloween or Hallowe'en is a contraction of "All Hallows' Evening", also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve. It is a yearly celebration observedvt. 庆祝)in a number of countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day. It initiatesvt. 开始、发起) the triduumn. 三天、三日祈祷) of Allhallowtide, the time in the liturgicaladj. 礼拜仪式的) year dedicated to (致力于、以供,后接动名词)remembering the dead, including saints, martyrs, and all the faithful departed believers. Within Allhallowtide, the traditional focus of All Hallows' Eve revolves around (围绕、环绕)the theme of using "humour and ridicule to confrontvt. 面对) the power of death".


Typical festive Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, attending costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o'-lanternsn. 空心南瓜灯), lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, visiting haunted house attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories and watching horror films. In many parts of the world, the Christian religious observances of All Hallows' Eve, including attending church services and lighting candles on the graves of the dead, remain popular, although in other locations, these solemn customs are less pronounced in favour of(以…取代) a more commercialized and secularizedadj. 世俗化的) celebration. Because many Western Christian denominations encourage, although most no longer require, abstinencen. 节制、禁欲) from meat on All Hallows' Eve, the tradition of eating certain vegetarian foods for this vigil day developed, including the consumption of apples, colcannon, cider, potato pancakes, and soul cakes.

【阅读小贴士】

万圣夜Halloween“All Hallows’ Evening”的缩写,又称AllhalloweenAll Hallows' EveAll Saints' Eve,是一些国家在1031日举行的庆祝节日,是西方基督教节日万圣节的前夕。万圣夜是万圣节期间三日祈祷的开始,是宗教年里纪念包括圣人、烈士和所有的忠实信徒的时期。在万圣节期间,万圣夜传统习俗主要是围绕以幽默和调侃来面对死亡的力量这一主题而展开。

万圣节前夕的节日活动通常有不给糖就捣蛋、参加化妆舞会、雕刻空心南瓜灯、燃篝火、咬苹果、逛鬼屋、恶作剧、讲恐怖故事和看恐怖电影等。在很多地方,传统基督教庆祝活动仍然大受欢迎,包括去教堂做礼拜和在逝者墓前点燃蜡烛以示纪念;而在另一些地方,取而代之的是更为商业和世俗的庆祝活动。由于许多西方基督教教派鼓励万圣节前夕禁食肉类,即使大多数教派已不再强制要求,万圣夜人们食用苹果、马铃薯蔬菜沙拉、苹果酒、土豆饼和灵魂饼干等素食的传统仍然得以传承。

 

(文章内容源于Wikipedia


最后编辑于:2014-12-04 15:14

本帖来源社刊

分类: 词汇学习
全部回复 (3)

  • 2

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团