2014.12.04【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—瑞典①(661字)

爱吃面的小妞 (Susie)
【A+研究所】文娱部长&荣誉会员☆网校制霸
译译生辉
97 12 0
发表于:2014-12-04 17:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Christmas in Sweden
Around Christmas time in Sweden, one of the biggest celebrations is St. Lucia's Day (or St. Lucy's Day) on December 13th. The celebration comes from stories that were told by Monks who first brought Christianity to Sweden.
圣•露西亚节(或圣•露西节)是瑞典圣诞节期间最大的庆典活动之一,设在每年12月13日。→→每年12月13日的圣•露西亚节(或圣•露西节)是瑞典圣诞节期间最大的庆典活动之一。 圣•露西亚节源自将基督教传到瑞典的修道士们所讲述的故事。

St Lucia was a young Christian girl who was martyred, killed for her faith, in 304AD. The most common story told about St Lucia is that she would secretly bring food to the persecuted Christians in Rome, who lived in hiding in the catacombs under the city. She would wear candles on her head so she had both her hands free to carry things. Lucy means 'light' so this is a very appropriate name.
圣•露西亚是位基督教少女,公元304年她因信奉基督教被折磨并杀害。最常见的圣•露西亚故事是:她会偷偷地给躲在罗马地下墓穴的受迫害基督教徒送食物,她会头顶蜡烛以腾出双手拿东西。露西意为“光”,所以这个名字很适合她。

December 13th was also the Winter Solstice, the shortest day of the year, in the old 'Julian' Calendar and a pagan festival of lights in Sweden was turned into St. Lucia's Day.
在旧儒略历中12月13日也是冬至,是一年中黑夜最长白昼最短的一天。瑞典异教徒灯节被改为圣•露西亚节。

St. Lucia's Day is now celebrated by a girl dressing in a white dress with a red sash round her waist and a crown of candles on her head. Small children use electric candles but from about 12 years old, real candles are used!
圣•露西亚节这天,一个瑞典女孩会打扮成圣•露西亚的模样——身穿白裙,束红腰带→→腰束红带,头戴插有蜡烛的冠。小女孩用插弧光灯的冠,从12岁左右才开始用真蜡烛。


The crown is made of Lingonberry branches which are evergreen and symbolise new life in winter. Schools normally have their own St. Lucia's and some town and villages also choose a girl to play St. Lucia in a procession where carols are sung.

冠是由四季常青的越橘枝制成,越橘枝象征着冬日新生。学校通常会有自己的圣•露西亚节庆祝活动。而一些城镇和村庄会选一个女孩扮作圣•露西亚,后面跟随唱颂歌的游行队伍。

A national Lucia is also chosen. Lucias also visit hospitals and old people's homes singing a song about St Lucia and handing out 'Pepparkakor', ginger snap biscuits.

瑞典会推选一位“露西亚小姐”。“露西亚小姐”会拜访病人和老人,给他们唱《圣露西亚之歌》和分发“Pepparkakor”(姜汁饼干)。


Small children sometimes like dressing up as Lucia (with the help of their parents!). Also boys might dress up as 'Stjärngossar' (star boys) and girls might be 'tärnor' (like Lucia but without the candles).

孩子们有时喜欢家长把自己打扮成露西亚的模样。男孩们可以打扮成“Stjärngossar”(“星星男孩”),女孩们打扮成“tärnor”(类似露西亚,只是冠上没有蜡烛)。


A popular food eaten at St. Lucia's day are 'Lussekatts', St Lucia's day buns flavoured with saffron and dotted with raisins which are eaten for breakfast.
圣•露西亚节当天,人们早餐会吃一种流行食物“Lussekatts”,它是一种撒有葡萄干的藏红花风味小圆面包。


St Lucia's Day first became widely celebrated in Sweden in the late 1700s. St Lucia's Day is also celebrated in Denmark, Norway, Finland, Bosnia, and Croatia. In Denmark it is more of a children's day and in some part of Italy, children are told that St Lucy brings them presents. They leave out a sandwich for her and the donkey that helps carry the gifts!

18世纪末期,瑞典人开始广泛庆祝圣•露西亚节。丹麦、挪威、芬兰、波斯尼亚和克罗地亚等国也庆祝圣•露西亚节。在丹麦,圣•露西亚节更像是一个孩子们的节日。在意大利的部分地区,大人告诉孩子们圣•露西亚会给他们带礼物,他们会给圣•露西亚和帮忙运礼物的驴子留个三明治。


原文链接:Christmas in Sweden

最后编辑于:2014-12-23 10:26

本帖来源社刊

分类: 英语
全部回复 (12) 回复 反向排序

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团