2014.12.04【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—瑞典②(741字)

爱吃面的小妞 (Susie)
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发表于:2014-12-04 17:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Christmas Eve is also very important in Sweden. This is when the main meal (well really a feast!) is eaten.
在瑞典圣诞节前夜同样很重要,当天人们会吃大餐庆祝。

This is often a 'julbord' which is a buffet, eaten at lunchtime. Cold fish is important on the julbord. There is often herring (served in many different ways), gravlax (salmon which has been cured in sugar, salt and dill) and smoked salmon.
通常是以“julbord”(“圣诞餐桌”)的形式,即一种自助午餐。其中一道重要的菜是冷鱼,一般是各种方式烹饪的鲱鱼,用糖、盐和莳萝腌渍或烟熏的鲑鱼片。

Other dishes on the julbord might include cold meats including turkey, roast beef and 'julskinka' (a Christmas ham); cheeses, liver pate, salads, pickles and different types of bread and butter (or mayonnaise). There will also be warm savoury foods including meatballs, 'prinskorv' (sausages), 'koldomar' (meat stuffed cabbage rolls), jellied pigs' feet, lutfisk (a dried cod served with a thick white sauce) and 'revbenspjäll' (oven-roasted pork ribs). Vegetables such as potatoes and red cabbage will also be served. Another potato dish is 'Janssons Frestelse' (matchstick potatoes layered with cream, onion and anchovies that is baked to a golden brown.) There's also 'doppi grytan' which is bread that is dipped in the broth and juices that are left over after boiling the ham.
“圣诞餐桌”的其他菜品可能包括冷肉类(火鸡、烤牛肉和一种叫做“julskinka”的圣诞火腿),奶酪,烤肝,沙拉,腌菜和各种面包和黄油(或者蛋黄酱)。热开胃菜包括肉丸,“prinskorv”(香肠),“prinskorv”(甘蓝肉卷),猪脚冻,“lutfisk” (配上浓稠白酱的干鳕鱼)和“revbenspjäll”(烤猪排)。蔬菜则有土豆和红球甘蓝。另一道土豆做的菜是“Janssons Frestelse”,即土豆用火柴棍串起来,涂上奶油、洋葱和凤尾鱼,然后烤成金黄色。还有一道菜是“doppigrytan”,就是用肉汤和烤火腿剩下的汁水泡面包。

The dessert of the julbord might be a selection of sweet pastries, some more pepparkakor biscuits and some home made sweets!
“圣诞餐桌”的餐后甜点可能是一些甜酥皮糕点、姜汁饼干和自制糖果。

Wow, I think I like the sound of a Julbord! To wash all that food down you can have some 'glogg' which is sweet mulled wine and some coffee to finish off the meal!
哇,我想我喜欢“圣诞餐桌”的声音。餐后你可以喝些“glogg”(一种加香料烫热的葡萄酒)和咖啡来消化食物。

Another popular food at Christmas in Sweden is 'risgrynsgröt' (rice porridge that's eaten with 'hallonsylt' [raspberry jam] or sprinkled with some cinnamon). It's often eaten during the evening after people have exchanged their presents.
瑞典另一种受欢迎的圣诞食物是“risgrynsgröt”,就是涂“hallonsylt”(树莓果酱)或撒肉桂吃的米粥。通常人们晚上交换礼物后吃“risgrynsgröt”。

If there is any risgrynsgröt left over, when it's cold it can be mixed with whipped cream and eaten with a warm fruit sauce. This is called 'Ris a la malta' and sounds rather yummy!
如果还有剩下的“risgrynsgröt”,冷掉后可以配上生奶油和热带水果酱一起吃。这叫做“Ris a la malta”,听起来就很好吃。

Presents are normally exchanged on Christmas Eve. People often go to Church early on Christmas morning.
人们通常在圣诞节前夜交换礼物,圣诞节清早去教堂做礼拜。

Families sometimes have goats made of straw in the house to guard the Christmas Tree!  Straw is used as a decoration in homes, to remind them that Jesus was born in a manger. Christmas Tree decorations that are made of straw are also very popular. In the city of Gävle, a huge straw goat is built every year for the start of Advent. It takes two days to put up!
人们有时会在房子中放稻草山羊来保护圣诞树。人们还用稻草装饰房子来提醒自己耶稣在马槽中诞生。稻草制作的圣诞树装饰物同样很受欢迎。在瑞典耶夫勒市,每年都会花两天时间制作一个巨大的稻草山羊迎接降临节的到来。

In Sweden, presents might be brought by Santa called 'Jultomten' or by gnomes/elves called 'Nissar' or 'Tomte'. They're called Nisse' in Norway.
在瑞典,可能是圣诞老人或侏儒/精灵来送礼物(在瑞典语中叫“Jultomten”,“Nissar”/ “Tomte”)。在挪威,他们叫做“Nisse”。

The end of Christmas in Sweden is on January 13th (twenty days after Christmas) which is called 'Tjugondag Knut' (Twentieth Day Knut) or 'Tjugondag jul' (Twentieth Day Yule) and is named after a Danish prince called Canute Lavard. On Tjugondag Knut it's traditional that the christmas Tree is taken down and left over cookies and sweets are eaten!
瑞典圣诞节期间的最后一天是1月13日(圣诞节20天后),这天叫做“Tjugondag Knut”(克努特圣诞节第二十天)或者“Tjugondag jul”(耶稣圣诞节第二十天)。“Tjugondag Knut”是以丹麦王子克努特•莱亚德的名字命名。“Tjugondag Knut”当天的传统是拆掉圣诞树、吃光饼干和糖果。

In Swedish Happy/Merry Christmas is 'God Jul'. 
圣诞快乐用瑞典语说是“God Jul”。
最后编辑于:2014-12-23 10:20

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